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Paulo Freire

The Global Legacy

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Edited By Michael A. Peters and Tina Besley

This collection is the first book devoted to Paulo Freire’s ongoing global legacy to provide an analysis of the continuing relevance and significance of Freire’s work and the impact of his global legacy. The book contains essays by some of the world’s foremost Freire scholars – McLaren, Darder, Roberts, and others – as well as chapters by scholars and activists, including the Maori scholars Graham Hingangaroa Smith and Russell Bishop, who detail their work with the indigenous people of Aotearoa-New Zealand. The book contains a foreword by Nita Freire as well as chapters from scholars around the world including Latin America, Asia, the United States, United Kingdom, New Zealand, and Australia. With a challenging introduction from the editors, Michael A. Peters and Tina Besley, this much-awaited addition to the Freire archive is highly recommended reading for all students and scholars interested in Freire, global emancipatory politics, and the question of social justice in education.
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Chapter Three: Equity as Critical Praxis: The Self-Development of Te Whare Wānanga o Awanuiārangi

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CHAPTER THREE

Equity as Critical Praxis: The Self-Development of Te Whare Wānanga o Awanuiārangi

GRAHAM HINGANGAROA SMITH

INTRODUCTION

Our struggle for equity in New Zealand (NZ) is both similar to and different from the struggle for equality by other indigenous peoples. Māori as a cultural minority have consistently argued for the recognition and validity of their own cultural frame of reference as well as increased economic and resource parity in their own right alongside the dominant Pakeha (non-Māori population) in NZ. Such arguments for cultural, social, and economic inclusion might simply be interpreted as potentially assimilating of different cultural groups into a homogenous form of capitalism and exploitation that in the end is a continuance of colonization. As Freire forewarned in his text Pedagogy of the Oppressed (1972) the danger here is that the oppressed may become the oppressors or in our sense the ‘colonized become the colonizers’ as they take on and replicate dominant hegemony.

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