The Global Legacy
Edited By Michael A. Peters and Tina Besley
Chapter Nine: Social Emancipation and Human Rights
Social Emancipation and Human Rights
MAURO TORRES SIQUEIRA
HUMAN RIGHTS AND SUBORDINATE COSMOPOLITISM
Throughout the course of history, capitalist society has been building a path of domination, exploration, discrimination, imposition, and overvaluation of the rational over the emotional. Such a state of affairs is part of a historical and cultural process passed on through generations, establishing the dominant paradigm on how we comprehend the world (Santos, 2002).
In that sense, Santos (2006) revisits the concept of globalization, dividing it into hegemonic and counter-hegemonic globalization, as well as emancipation and multiculturalism. These issues will be addressed in this chapter, along with the correlation between these concepts and social emancipation and popular education as access to human rights.
Let us start with a discussion on the concept of globalization. In the words of Santos, it is defined as “a set of social relations that translate into intensification of transnational interactions, be they interstate, global capitalist or socio-cultural transnational practices” (Santos, 2001, p. 90).
Thereby, we note that globalization has implications of economic, environmental, political, and cultural character. Globalization must be discussed as the sets of social relations that are modified in accordance with the changes within themselves. That is why, according to Santos (2006), this concept should ← 161 | 162 → be realized in the plural (globalizations) instead of in the singular. To make his thesis didactic, he classifies it in two ways: hegemonic globalization—constituted by two...
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