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Hispanic (LGT) Masculinities in Transition


Edited By Rafael M. Mérida-Jiménez

The objective of Hispanic (LGT) Masculinities in Transition is to investigate the cultural representations/intersections of masculinity and sexual minorities (lesbians, gays, and transgenders) in Spain between the passing of the Law of Social Dangerousness and Social Rehabilitation (1970) and the reform of the Penal Code in 1995. In order to meet this aim, this volume analyzes the artistic production of a number of Spanish and Latin American male and female individuals who, first, were able to question the structures of control and domination in Spain in the last years of Franco’s dictatorship; second, were able to open up new horizons of freedom in the context of the criminalization of the previous decades; and, third, were able to bring about new models of masculinity that were more egalitarian during the first years of the new democracy.
More specifically, Hispanic (LGT) Masculinities in Transition will interlink the fields of political and historical change and artistic production in order to assess whether cultural representations can be understood as mere reflections of social and political change. In terms of the materials being examined, these are, in the first instance, literary, although other narratives are also addressed (filmic production and plastic arts). This volume is essential reading for professors and students of contemporary Spanish history and culture, as well as for those interested in lesbian, gay, transgender, and masculinity issues.
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Introduction—Hispanic/Masculinities/Transition: An Introduction


If masculinity studies have succeeded in challenging the social sciences and humanities since the 1980s, this has been due to important scholars—such as Raewyn Connell, George Mosse, Pierre Bourdieu, Michael S. Kimmel, and others—and their groundbreaking studies, and to the same degree to the unforeseen advances in women’s studies.1 It was Simone de Beauvoir’s insight that the “unmarked” gender had ceased to be automatically male. She argued that being a man was not simply the “normal case” and that men were not the “first sex” any longer in the second half of the twentieth century. Being conscious about what masculinity studies owe to feminism, Rachel Adams and David Savran have asked rather polemically whether “masculinity studies represent a beneficial extension of feminist analysis or does it represent a hijacking of feminism?” (Adams and Savran 7). By now, over a decade later, hardly anyone will question the rightful existence of masculinity studies as an autonomous discipline, and the above mentioned pioneers’ work has been extended all over the world by numerous theoretical studies and has been completed by a huge number of locally determined empirical investigations. These have made inquiries into many urgent issues of historical or contemporary political, social, and cultural life. One of the most influential notions when studying the impact of men has probably been Connell’s notion of hegemonic masculinity (Connell Gender and Masculinities), inspired, as are large parts of gender studies on the whole, by Michel Foucault, a concept which aims at the very heart...

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