Edited By Elizabeth J. Meyer and Dennis Carlson
33. 3 to 1: Four Women Navigating the Intersections of Racism, Sexism, Homophobia, and Heterosexism in Intercollegiate Sport
A Model: The Intersection of Racism, Sexism, Homophobia, and Heterosexism
3 to 1
Four Women Navigating the Intersections of Racism, Sexism, Homophobia, and Heterosexism in Intercollegiate Sport
Jillian R. Roth, Lea Robinson, Camille O’Bryant, and Pat Griffin
The primary purpose of this chapter is for us to describe the ways in which racism, heterosexism, and Black1 sexuality intersect and interact with each other—both in American society via our life experiences and in organized sport, in particular. We begin by providing our theoretical foundation for the chapter, and share a model for its intersectionality—the relationship between and among racism, sexism, heterosexism, and homophobia. Then we will tell you about ourselves prior to delving into the issues related to the intersectionality of the many “-isms” that are rarely discussed within intercollegiate sport. The chapter concludes with us highlighting our vision toward a path of solutions. This includes strategies for change, as well as how LGBTQ2 and ally leaders within academia can be change agents within higher-education institutions throughout the country.
Each of us writing recognizes that we have a unique way in which our different parts of social and cultural identity intersect. More importantly, these varying components can and do afford us societal and cultural privilege, or more often, disadvantage. Although there are many ways to describe the hierarchical power relations at work in U.S. society, especially within higher education, Collins’s (2000) “matrix of domination” combines the intersecting systems of oppression (e.g., race, social class, gender, sexuality, etc...
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