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Reconciliation in the Sudans


Stein Erik Horjen

In 2005, the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) signed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended the longest civil war in African history. Stein Erik Horjen argues that although this second civil war was not a religious one, religion still played an important role in the conflict. Ensuring freedom of religion was a high priority for the SPLM and for the Sudanese churches, which were instrumental in preparing the ground for the 2005 agreement in the same way they had been in facilitating the Addis Ababa Peace Agreement in 1972.
Focusing on the pivotal role of the Sudanese churches through a grassroots peace process called People to People, Horjen examines the churches’ work in ensuring the success of the peace talks between the SPLM and the government sealed by the 2005 Peace Agreement. Taking up the role as the voice of the voiceless, the Sudanese churches challenged and criticized the military and political leaders in regards to abuses of power.
In Reconciliation in the Sudans, Horjen details the tremendous suffering of the people during recurrent conflicts in Sudan and South Sudan. Understanding the history will allow the reader contextual insight into the latest conflict that erupted in South Sudan in 2013. The failure of including mechanisms for reconciliation in the CPA can be considered a main reason for this latest war.
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Names: Horjen, Stein Erik, author. | McNeil, Brian, translator. Title: Reconciliation in the Sudans / Stein Erik Horjen; translated by Brian McNeil. Other titles: Religion and society in Africa ; v 2. Description: New York: Peter Lang, 2016. Series: Religion and society in Africa; Vol. 2 ISSN 2328-921X (print) | ISSN 2328-9228 (online) “This book is slightly revised from the Norwegian version published in 2014. The world has changed, and so have I, so some small corrections and alterations were felt necessary.” Includes bibliographical references and index. Identifiers: LCCN 2016005922 | ISBN 978-1-4331-3327-5 (hardcover: alk. paper) ISBN 9781453917879 (e-book) Subjects: LCSH: Sudan—History—Civil War, 1983–2005—Peace. Reconciliation—Religious aspects—Christianity. Peace-building—Sudan—Religious aspects—Christianity. Peace-building—South Sudan—Religious aspects—Christianity. Christianity and politics—Sudan. | Sudan—Social conditions—21st century. South Sudan—Social conditions—21st century. South Sudan—Politics and government—2011–. Classification: LCC DT157.673 .H67 2016 | DDC 962.4043—dc23 LC record available at

Bibliographic information published by Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek. Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this publication in the “Deutsche Nationalbibliografie”; detailed bibliographic data are available on the Internet at Original publication: Lang vei til fred. Om konflikt og forsoning i Sudan og Sør-Sudan. Oslo: Verbum, 2014

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