History, Culture and Memory
Edited By Katia Pizzi and Marjatta Hietala
11 Bologna in the Early Cold War: Histories and Memories of a Communist City in the West
Bologna, the only major Italian city governed by a communist party uninterruptedly from the end of the Second World War to the fall of the Berlin Wall, makes a particular case of ‘local communism’, according to Norman LaPorte and Andreas Wirshing.1 During the Cold War years – especially in the first decade after the Second World War – Bologna positioned itself ideologically in the Eastern Bloc even though, as an Italian city, it belonged to the Western sphere of influence. The city hence became a major arena of ideological rivalry as well as continuous interaction between the West and the East.
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