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From Orientalism to Cultural Capital

The Myth of Russia in British Literature of the 1920s

Olga Soboleva and Angus Wrenn

From Orientalism to Cultural Capital presents a fascinating account of the wave of Russophilia that pervaded British literary culture in the early twentieth century. The authors bring a new approach to the study of this period, exploring the literary phenomenon through two theoretical models from the social sciences: Orientalism and the notion of «cultural capital» associated with Pierre Bourdieu. Examining the responses of leading literary practitioners who had a significant impact on the institutional transmission of Russian culture, they reassess the mechanics of cultural dialogism, mediation and exchange, casting new light on British perceptions of modernism as a transcultural artistic movement and the ways in which the literary interaction with the myth of Russia shaped and intensified these cultural views.

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Index

1917 Club 13, 14, 221, 250, 269

Adams, Maude 156

aesthetics 4, 6, 40, 5960, 623, 67, 768, 84, 86, 913, 989, 115, 160, 185, 214, 2567, 310

Aksakov, Ivan and Konstantin 197

Aksakov, Sergei 45, 249

Alain-Fournier 272, 2767, 282, 287

Alhambra Theatre 143, 160, 163

Ambassadors Theatre 250

Amphiteatrov, Alexander 192

Andreev, Leonid 46, 47, 119, 2023, 205, 313, 328

Anglo–Russian dispute 33, 36

Anglo–Russian relations 42, 478, 75, 236

Archer, William 1801, 311

Asquith, Cynthia 1445, 1512, 154, 1934, 220, 311

Astafieva, Serafima 2814, 2878

Bakst, Leon x, 17, 57, 146, 148, 170, 214

Ballets Russes 3, 13, 63, 1489, 15960, 167, 174, 1769, 188, 21415, 256, 281, 2878, 301, 303, 317, 325

Boutique fantasque, La 159, 160, 178, 316

Carnival 157

Cleopatra 160

Good-Humoured Ladies, The 160, 178

Jeux 167

Noces, Les 112, 325

Oiseau de feu, L’ 157

Parade 15960

Petrushka 157, 165, 168, 293

Polovtsian Dances 148

Rite of Spring, The 214

Soleil de nuit, Le 160

Tricorne, Le 178

Balmont, Konstantin 44

Baring, Maurice 33, 478, 50, 56, 103, 1212, 1245, 127, 129, 160, 311, 314

Landmarks in Russian Literature 478, 56, 124, 128, 311

Mainsprings of Russia, The 33, 47, 56, 311

Russian People, The 47, 49, 51, 26, 60, 124, 128, 140, 303, 311

With the Russians in Manchuria 124

Barrie, J. M., 5, 6, 11, 14, 63, 1436, 148, 1507, 1619, 171, 174, 1756, 17984, 186, 311, 313, 315, 318, 3212, 326

Admirable Crichton, The 6

Alice-Sit-By-The-Fire 180

Farewell Miss Julie Logan 11

Half an Hour 161

Jane Annie or the Good Conduct 153

Little Minister, The 11

Mary Rose 164

Peter Pan 6, 1534, 156, 181

Punch

Toy Tragedy, A 181

Rosy Rapture 153, 181

Slice of Life, A 181

Truth about the Russian Dancers, The 11, 1445, 147, 1512, 161, 163, 165, 16870, 175, 179, 182, 31314, 319

Twelve-Pound Look, The 6

Bax, Arnold 145, 148, 1746, 316

Beasley, Rebecca 4, 102, 155, 311, 325

Beaumont, Cyril 158, 161, 312

Bell, Clive 43

Beller, Manfred 2, 3, 18, 312, 320

Bennett, Arnold 4, 45, 65, 86, 96, 155, 251

Benois, Alexander x, 177, 312

Bloomsbury group 6, 14, 162, 186, 193, 242, 250

Bolsheviks 36, 51, 1047, 121, 1313, 1357, 154, 220, 222, 224, 226, 250, 3034, 317, 327

Bolshevism 1056, 108, 219, 2223, 234, 299300, 303, 314

Bourdieu, Pierre ix, 12, 6, 12, 18, 58, 634, 312

Brest-Litovsk treaty 36, 51, 14950, 154

Brewer, Dorothy 3

British Empire 911, 299

Briusov, Valerii 44, 249

Brodsky, Josef 54

Browning, Robert 2930, 46, 313

Bruce, Henry James 143, 164, 171, 313

Bullock, Philip Ross, Professor xiii, 4, 102, 155, 311, 325

Bunin, Ivan 47, 1078, 135, 156, 194, 2016, 313, 318

Gentleman from San Francisco, The 194, 2015, 313

Burns, Robert 13

Burt, Ramsay 1767, 182, 313

Byron, George Gordon 29, 313

canon (cultural) 6, 23, 35, 55, 634, 67, 72, 227, 272

canon formation 6, 634, 318

canonicity 64

Cartesian 589

Caserio, Robert 90, 313

Catherine the Great 28, 285

Central Asia 32, 368

Chaikovsky, Nikolai 40, 41, 116

Chaliapin, Fedor 102, 1356, 152

Chambers (Wood), Jessie 1901, 1956, 313

Chekhov, Anton 13, 41, 446, 67, 68, 70, 72, 11819, 196, 243, 245, 249, 2568, 2603, 269, 305, 313

Cherry Orchard, The 262

Uncle Vanya 2578, 2612, 328

Chicherin, Georgii 13132

Christianity 125, 128, 207, 210, 227, 230, 271, 281, 288, 298, 3056, 3089

Chukovsky, Kornei 103, 122, 314

Churchill, Winston 19, 44, 101, 1056, 167, 314

Civil War (Russian) 104, 131, 133, 178, 300, 303

Cohen, Harriet 1745, 314

Cohen, Selma Jeanne 145, 162, 164, 1678, 174, 311, 314

collectivist 126, 139

communism 104, 1089, 139, 220, 299, 300

Conrad, Joseph 8, 48, 82, 90, 92, 190, 292, 314

constructivist perspective 23, 1819

Crimean War 1112, 36, 301, 303

crisis of consciousness 578, 63, 189

Criterion, The 6, 271, 285, 288, 289, 2934, 2956, 305, 3089, 31416, 319, 326

Cross, Anthony 4, 22, 26, 356, 60, 271, 314, 3256

cultural asset(s) 63

cultural capital ix, xi, 2, 6, 13, 18, 634, 253, 269, 272, 30809, 318

cultural elite 12, 4, 1345, 139, 197, 226

Dance Perspectives 1445, 179, 311, 31314, 319

Dawson Scott, Amy 156

Defoe, Daniel 9, 267, 315

Delauney, Robert 160

Derain, André 160, 178

Diaghilev, Sergei 3, 13, 17, 43, 57, 63, 11213, 1445, 14851, 15661, 1635, 1678, 17480, 182, 1878, 214, 288, 293, 301, 303, 313, 31617, 3201, 325

seasons 17, 43, 145, 148

Dial 202

Dickens, Charles 734, 81, 878, 25354

Dillon, Emile 32, 512, 273, 315

Dostoevsky, Fedor 3, 13, 41, 446, 536, 67, 702, 80, 84, 978, 113, 128, 155, 1947, 199, 2068, 22730, 233, 2389, 2434, 246, 2489, 2534, 2567, 2624, 2719, 28791, 2934, 3039, 315, 31819, 324

Brothers Karamazov, The 445, 53, 701, 194, 230, 272, 277, 287, 294, 304, 308

Crime and Punishment 45, 195, 208, 230, 239, 248, 2713, 275, 277, 279, 282, 284, 287, 291, 305, 30708, 315, 324

Demons 227

Gambler, The 248

Grand Inquisitor, The 113, 1945, 203, 2334, 320

House of the Dead, The 45, 308

Idiot, The 56, 70, 248, 253, 264, 272, 287

Insulted and the Injured, The 248

Uncle’s Dream, An 278

Doyle, Arthur Conan 17, 153, 155, 314

Dunbar, Janet 144, 1513, 315

Durkheim, Emile 273

Edwardian(s) 66, 89, 97, 145

authors 62, 97, 101

novels 254, 260

theatre 180

Elder, David and Edith 37, 45, 132, 309, 327

Elgar, Edward 116

Eliot, T. S., 6, 14, 63, 79, 113, 208, 27189, 291309, 31213, 31516, 318, 323

Cocktail Party, The 305, 307, 315

Confidential Clerk, The 305

Elder Statesman, The 305

Family Reunion, The 3057, 315

Four Quartets 281, 304

Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, The 272, 2745, 282, 284, 291, 309, 316

Murder In the Cathedral 305

‘On the Eve’, 2979, 3014, 306, 308, 316

‘Sweeney among the Nightingales’, 283

Waste Land, The 259, 272, 279, 2846, 288, 292, 295, 298, 305, 316

Whispers of Immortality 279, 2835, 287

Englishness 623, 211, 280

essentialist perspective 208, 233

Fabian Society 11618, 121, 127, 131, 323

Fletcher, Giles 213

Fokine, Mikhail x, 157, 163

Ford Madox Ford 812, 11516, 155, 192, 316

Forster, E. M., 88, 250, 300, 316

Foucault, Michel 31, 316

Frazer, James, Sir 79, 292

Free Russia 41, 116

Fry, Roger 43, 160, 260, 316, 323

Galsworthy, Ada 66, 75, 84

Galsworthy, John 4, 6, 63, 6577, 7987, 8999, 102, 114, 1556, 190, 310, 313, 31517, 321

‘Apple Tree, The’ 834, 316

Castles in Spain and other Screeds 72, 86, 317

‘Englishman and Russian’, 65, 69, 310, 316

Forsyte Saga, The 74, 76, 95, 31617

‘Four Novelists in Profile’, 67, 70, 316

From the Four Winds 81

Glimpses and Reflections 82, 316

Inn of Tranquillity, The 70, 86, 31617

‘Introduction to Bleak House’, 73

Island Pharisees, The 75, 85, 89, 912, 316

Jocelyn 71, 81, 88, 316

Man of Property, The 66

‘Note on Edward Garnett, A’ 6970, 723, 317

Patrician, The 89, 92

‘Russia-America’ 68

Salvation of Swithin Forsyte, The 83

Silver Box, The 66

‘Six Novelists in Profile’ 69, 724, 76, 81, 86, 934, 96, 310, 317

‘Twelve Books – and Why?’ 65, 317

‘Vague Thoughts on Art’ 6970, 73, 317

Villa Rubein 82, 91

Garafola, Lynn 3, 17, 167, 178, 317

Garnett, Constance 41, 446, 501, 534, 702, 89, 93, 95, 115, 18890, 192, 249, 254, 273, 2778, 294, 297, 315, 317, 322, 326

Garnett, David 18890, 242, 243, 270, 265, 317

Garnett, Edward 501, 53, 6973, 812, 115, 18890, 196, 294, 296, 308, 31617, 319, 327

Garnett, Olive 115

Georgians 62, 85, 325

Gertler, Mark 244

Gettmann, Royal 3, 846, 97, 98, 317

Gissing, George 34, 98, 111, 327

Gogol, Nikolai 41, 456, 48, 51, 56, 119

Goldring, Douglas 220, 221

Goldsmith, Oliver 278, 317

Goncharov, Ivan 41, 46, 115

Goncharova, Natalia 434, 46

Gorky, Maxim 13, 46, 1023, 11822, 132, 1346, 1912, 194, 196, 201, 315, 317, 328

Foma Gordeev 120

Lower Depths, The 120

Song of the Stormy Petrel, The 120

Graham, Stephen 45, 479, 103, 116, 318, 322

Granville-Barker, Harley 180, 181

Great Eastern Crisis, the 33, 36, 37

Great Orient 33

Haigh Wood, Vivien 277

Hardy, Thomas 41, 79, 80, 114, 116, 155, 318

Harper’s Magazine 243, 248, 264

Haymarket Theatre 161

Herzen, Alexander ix, 197, 227

Hesse, Hermann 28992, 294, 304, 318

Hill, Aaron 26, 318

Hogarth Press 43, 62, 97, 193, 2023, 246, 255, 259, 279, 313, 318, 3278

Horsey, Jerome, Sir 22

Husserl, Edmund 5760, 318

Huxley, Aldous 113, 185, 300

Identity 2, 8, 10, 11, 38, 53, 56, 74, 140, 141, 167, 199, 207, 210, 218, 223, 2412, 246, 248, 275, 309, 326

constructed 2, 34, 19, 53, 55, 62, 64

national 11, 199

imagology 2, 3, 18, 312, 320

‘auto-image’ 62

‘hetero-image 62

self-image 3, 62

inseparability and distinctness 200, 216, 218

intellectual elite 118, 120, 127

see also cultural elite

intellectual expert(s) 120, 127, 133

intelligentsia 17, 127, 129, 135, 141, 226, 228, 230

intercultural 18, 135, 140, 200, 208, 21112, 21617

dialogue 135, 165

hybridity 199, 21012, 235

synthesis 21112, 216

James, Henry 389, 81, 878, 116, 143, 155, 164, 171, 243, 248, 271, 281, 295, 309, 312, 319

James, William 78, 319

Jones, Henry Arthur 105, 133, 135

Jones, Susan 11213, 167, 214, 287, 319

Joyce, James 79, 262, 268, 319

Kafka, Franz 2645

Kamenev, Lev 103, 131

Karlinsky, Simon 47, 176, 313, 319

Karsavina, Tamara vii, viii, 1438, 152, 1578, 1645, 169, 1712, 1745, 17980, 319

Kaye, Peter 3, 70, 84, 190, 195, 230, 319

Kenwood House 24950

Keynes, John Maynard, Lord (Baron of Tilton) 156, 162

Keynes, Lady see Lopokova, Lydia

Keynes, Milo 1589, 1612, 312, 316, 319, 321

Kipling, Rudyard 5, 89, 312, 66, 96, 313, 319

Kim 8, 9

Koteliansky, Samuel 113, 136, 187, 1935, 198, 2003, 205, 208, 21923, 225, 244, 301, 315

Krivokapich, Militsa 104, 1256, 133, 135, 138, 319

Kropotkin, Alexandra, Princess 68

Kropotkin, Peter, Prince 402, 68, 115, 156, 319

Kuprin, Alexander 44, 67, 194, 196

Larionov, Mikhail 43

Lawrence, D. H. vi, xiii, 46, 14, 45, 52, 63, 712, 82, 187203, 20517, 21936, 284, 309, 31213, 318, 320, 3225, 328

Aaron’s Rod 216, 225, 320

Apocalypse and the Writings on Revelation 2334, 320

Collier’s Friday Night, A 191, 320

Fanny and Annie 230

‘Fate and the Younger Generation’ 228

‘Hibiscus and Salvia Flowers’ 224

Kangaroo 221, 228, 230, 320

Lady Chatterley’s Lover 224, 320

‘Morality and the Novel’ 201

Movements in European History 213, 222, 234, 320

Mr Noon 188, 189, 320

‘Novel, The’ 1989, 207

‘Now It’s Happened’ 2267

Pansies 225, 226

Plumed Serpent, The 230

Rainbow, The 212, 21416, 219, 320, 3245

Sea and Sardinia 201, 222, 320

Sons and Lovers 712, 190

Studies in Classic American Literature 2001, 320

Trespasser, The 190

‘When Wilt Thou Teach the People?’ 232

White Peacock, The 191, 320

Woman Who Rode Away and Other Stories, The 230

Women in Love 1879, 2089, 21214, 320

Leerssen, Joseph (‘Joep’) Theodoor 23, 34, 62, 312, 320

Lenin, Vladimir vii, 102, 106, 131, 1359, 226, 230, 2324

Lifar, Sergei 14950, 320

liminality (ethnic/cultural) 200, 209, 212, 218, 235

Litvinov, Ivan 132, 1923, 220

Llewelyn Davies, George 14, 151

Llewelyn Davies, Michael 14, 151

Llewelyn Davies, Peter 1513, 311

London Coliseum 145, 150, 161

Lopokova, Lydia 11, 156, 1589, 1612, 312, 316, 319, 321

Lopukhov, Fedor 157, 159, 321

Lopukhova, Lydia see Lopokova, Lydia

Lotman, Yuri 878, 321

Low (Litvinov), Ivy 132, 192, 220

Lunacharsky, Anatolii 131, 321

Lytton, Edward Bulwer 289, 248, 321

MacDonald, Ramsay 13, 250, 304

Mackail, Denis 42, 144, 169, 321

Maeterlinck, Maurice 181

Maisky, Ivan 132, 321

Mansfield, Katherine 4, 113, 196, 284, 327

Mariinsky theatre x, 281

Markovitz, Stephanie 878

Marsh, Edward 1, 167, 321

Marxism 226

Massine, Leonide 15960, 178, 2878

Maude, Louise and Aylmer 45, 76, 11011, 249, 326

Maugham, Somerset 17, 678, 114, 322

Maupassant, Guy de 82, 84, 259

Maurier, Gerald du 146, 148

Merezhkovsky, Dmitrii 107, 135, 189, 322

Mérimée, Prosper 25960

Miliukov, Nikolai 106

Mirsky, Dmitrii (Prince) 15, 114

modernism 34, 6, 7, 578, 63, 102, 11213, 155, 167, 176, 182, 212, 259, 287, 31112, 319, 325, 327

Morrell, Ottoline 186, 188, 213

Murry, John Middleton 44, 113, 135, 250

myth of Russia xi, 13, 7, 13, 15, 1819, 21, 35, 53, 58, 64, 67, 99, 104, 145, 169, 269, 309

see also Russian, myth

Nabokov, Vladimir Dmitrievich 124, 129

Nabokov, Vladimir Vladimirovich 54, 277, 322

Nash, Paul viii, 146, 16972, 181, 318, 323, 328

national stereotyping 2, 23

New Drama 180

New Economic Policy 131

Newmarch, Rosa 434, 324

Nietzsche, Friedrich 77, 80, 120, 189, 230, 324

Nijinsky, Vaslav x, 43, 57, 1489, 1578, 176, 188, 288

Nobel Prize 66, 107, 156, 322

‘objective correlative’ 63, 189, 236

objet discursif 53

October Revolution see Russian Revolution, Bolshevik

Orient, the 1920, 24, 33, 178, 291

Orientalism ix, xi, 1, 8, 19, 21, 24, 34, 52, 64, 324

Orientalistic 2, 203, 34, 52, 57, 61

perspective 20, 23, 52, 57

Orthodox (theology) 59, 326

otherness (cultural) 11, 19, 177, 1857, 189, 200, 21213, 215, 217, 219

P. E. N. Club 6, 66, 156

paganism 2047, 210, 21314, 219, 229

Palmer, Daryl 22, 245, 322

Pares, Bernard 4748

Pavlova, Anna 188

Peter the Great 22, 256, 56, 197, 315

Phelps, Gilbert 3, 45, 834, 89, 111, 323

phenomenology 58, 318

Picasso, Pablo 15960

Poland 8, 213, 216

post-impressionism 43, 160, 167

Pound, Ezra 6, 79, 82, 152, 160, 191, 2789, 2812, 2858, 311, 323

Provisional Government, the 13, 106, 130, 250

Pushkin, Alexander 13, 91, 131, 213, 249

rationalism 58, 78, 185, 189, 212, 217

rationality 63, 99

realism x, 15, 989, 230, 264

realist literature 779

reception x, xi, 13, 67, 18, 22, 24, 39, 55, 64, 66, 81, 85, 102, 112, 119, 150, 227, 307, 314, 323

Rhymers’ Club 78

Rozanov, Vasilii 194, 199, 2057, 320, 328

Rubenstein, Roberta 4, 262, 263, 323

Russell, Bertrand 220

Russian

aesthetics 67, 98, 310

anarchists 41, 115, 156, 251

ballets see Ballets Russes

bear, notion of 24, 140

discourse 26, 512, 62

émigré circles 106, 178

Empire 356, 213, 314

idiom 18, 60, 69

irrationality 61

myth 12, 1819, 64, 67, 99, 104, 145, 169, 309

paradigm 7, 61, 63, 77, 99200

psyche 209, 210, 291

reception 2, 67

soul 44, 50, 60, 120, 128, 198, 310, 313, 325

theme 356, 57, 68, 103, 154, 1745, 178, 198, 205, 208, 226, 315

tradition 59, 63, 72, 168, 177, 185

viewpoint 58, 80, 98, 141, 310

Russian Review 47, 49, 322

Russian Revolution, the 1905 12, 47, 103, 108, 221, 228, 233, 302, 311

Bolshevik 14, 51, 103, 105, 10910, 130, 220

February 1917 154, 2489, 326

‘Russianitis’ see Lawrence, D. H. 207, 227

Russo–Japanese War 42, 47, 124

Russomania see Russophilia

Russophilia 1214, 52, 57, 155, 248, 253, 256, 293, 309

Russophobia 9, 12, 42

Sackville West, Vita 268

Said, Edward ix, 12, 89, 13, 1921, 234, 29, 345, 52, 289, 324

Samurai order 118, 120, 127, 129, 133, 139

Sarolea, Charles 49, 50, 324

Savoy Theatre 147, 153, 167, 324

Scott, Kathleen 164, 179, 324

Scott, Peter 164

Scott, Robert, Captain 164

Scott, Walter 10, 13, 81

Sert, Misia 167, 168, 317

Shakespeare, William 22, 245, 39, 72, 96, 110, 2457, 24950, 253, 281, 293, 313, 322, 324

As You Like It 245, 246, 249

King Henry V 24

Macbeth 24

Othello 134, 293

Winter’s Tale, The 245, 322

Shaw, George Bernard 56, 15, 114, 11617, 1301, 151, 153, 155, 181, 269, 301, 318, 323

Shestov, Lev 63, 80, 189, 1989, 200, 219, 235, 320, 324

All Things Are Possible 194, 198202, 219, 235, 320, 324

Siberia 27, 28, 129, 251, 252

Sidney, Philip, Sir 25, 109, 1312, 324

Sitwell, Edith 300

Sitwell, Osbert, Sir 43, 113, 325

Slavophile(s) 197, 199, 249, 262, 304

versus Westernisers 197

Slavs 33, 51, 213, 215, 217, 219, 2556, 296

social model(s) 129, 133, 138

social modeller(s) 139

Society drama 180

Society of Friends of Russian Freedom 13, 41, 116, 156

Sologub, Fedor 44

Solov’ev, Vladimir 189

Soskice, David 192

Stalin, Joseph 102

Steele, Richard 26

Stepniak (Kravchinsky), Sergei (‘Sergius’) 38, 40, 115, 156, 192

Stevenson, Robert Louis 11, 189

Strachey, Lytton 248, 249

Strachey, Oliver 221

Stravinsky, Igor x, 44, 112, 157, 159, 1756, 293

superfluous men 208, 2278

Superman (Ubermensch) 120, 181

Swinburne, Algernon Charles 301, 325

Swinnerton, Frank Arthur 856, 1089, 121, 325

Tennyson, Alfred 1112, 325

Thomson, James 245

Tolstoy, Leo (Lev) 3, 13, 3842, 456, 54, 56, 67, 706, 80, 84, 93, 97, 11011, 11315, 119, 128, 155, 191, 1956, 199, 207, 227, 238, 243, 24950, 254, 257, 2624, 283, 301, 308, 316, 319, 3235, 327

Anna Karenina 65, 71, 73, 113, 191, 193, 195, 207, 243, 250, 263, 283, 325

Childhood and Youth 3940, 31314, 325

Cossacks 39, 72, 249, 325

Kingdom of God is within You, The 71

Resurrection 75, 11415, 196, 207, 227, 327

Two Hussars 75

War and Peace 39, 65, 72, 746, 113, 155, 195, 227, 2534, 264, 296, 326

‘What is Art?’ 73

Triple Entente, the 12, 36

Turberville, George 213, 26

Turgenev, Ivan 13, 401, 46, 72, 77, 812, 86, 935, 97, 111, 154, 190, 1967, 294, 304, 3078, 297, 317, 326

Diary of a Superfluous Man 227

Fathers and Sons 87, 8990, 190

First Love, The 83

Hamlet and Don Quixote 89

Nest of Gentlefolk, A 87, 90

On the Eve 82, 8991, 934, 294, 2967, 317, 326

Rudin 85, 88, 90, 190, 227

Smoke 84, 87, 901, 111

Torrents of Spring 83

Virgin Soil 87, 901

Turton, Glyn 3, 824, 326

Tyrkov, Arkadii 129

Tyrkova-Williams, Ariadna 108, 109, 123, 129, 326

Uspensky, Leonid 59, 326

Utopia 118, 120, 133

Vengerova, Zinaida 124, 326

Victorian(s) 29, 46, 62, 160, 254, 260, 322, 326

authors 256, 295

novels 259, 263, 265

Volkhovsky, Felix 402, 53, 115, 116, 192

Walkley, A. B. 147

Wallace, Donald Mackenzie, Sir 32, 103, 326

Wallas, Graham 116

Watts, Marjory 82, 139, 156

Webb, Sidney and Beatrice 109, 117, 1312, 137, 303, 327

Weekley, Frieda 190

Wells, George Philip (‘Gip’) 103, 129

Wells, H. G. v, vii, xiii, 4, 6, 66, 86, 96, 101141, 1545, 229, 242, 25069, 30914, 31822, 3237

Experiment in Autobiography 113, 327

Faults of the Fabian 116

Joan and Peter 102, 123, 1268, 327

‘Liberalism and the Revolutionary Spirit’ 139, 327

Modern Utopia, A 118, 120, 133, 327

New Machiavelli, The 11718, 327

Outline of History, The 103, 10910, 327

‘Russia and England’ 19, 1223, 1567, 327

Russia in the Shadows 1035, 107, 110, 126, 133, 134, 1378, 1401, 327

Time Machine, The 101

West, Rebecca 46, 113, 126, 242

Western imagination 53

Wilde, Oscar 789, 98, 325

Williams, Harold 47, 103, 108, 311

Woolf, Leonard 14, 43, 2023, 221, 2378, 242, 327

Woolf, Virginia viii, 4, 6, 1315, 602, 86, 967, 162, 193, 2389, 2456, 249, 251, 254, 2602, 264, 268270, 276, 278, 283, 308, 327, 328

Between the Acts 269

Jacob’s Room 13, 255, 25960, 262, 267, 328

‘Lappin and Lapinova’ vi, 2379, 2416, 250, 255, 257, 259, 2646, 324

‘Modern Fiction’ 601, 97, 255, 257, 2602, 328

Mr Bennett and Mrs Brown 62, 86, 97, 328

Mrs Dalloway 237, 243, 255, 262, 267

Night And Day 12, 2534, 260, 263, 328

Orlando viii, 14, 246, 250, 255, 2668, 270, 276, 293, 328

‘Russian Point of View, The’ 97, 2434, 246, 2534, 256, 328

To The Lighthouse 255, 2624, 267, 328

Voyage Out, The 237, 243, 251, 254, 260, 2634, 328

Waves, The 255, 262

Years, The 243, 269

‘Uncle Vanya’, 257, 2612, 328

World War I 1, 18, 20, 36, 49, 51, 79, 135, 1489, 1545, 170, 185, 188, 244, 256, 260, 277, 285, 291, 299, 3034

pre- 1, 18, 36, 42, 122, 148, 187

World War II 91, 307

Yellow Book, The 78

Zola, Émile 87, 98

Zytaruk, George J. 4, 1934, 196, 2012, 206, 328