Jewish Youth Clubs in the UK, 1880–1939
Youth clubs like the Boys’ Brigade became a trend in the UK in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The Jewish community in the UK began their own clubs to educate and entertain young Jews. These clubs mirrored the examples begun within the Christian community and adapted their models of social control by providing purposeful recreation, religious education and sporting activities to cultivate young minds and bodies. Much primary source material exists on these clubs, including publicity material provided by the clubs themselves as well as oral history accounts given by former members. This book looks at the records left behind by the Jewish clubs and asks to what extent they were successful in providing Jewish education to Jewish youth and how this education was defined by gender. The author ultimately argues that some religious elements were evident in these clubs and that where they were included, inclusive British identities were promoted.
Chapter 3: The Jewish Lads’ Brigade, 1895–1939
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The Jewish Lads’ Brigade, 1895–1939
Previous chapters have looked at Jewish youth clubs; however, the most well-known youth groups of this period can be categorized as a youth movement, or youth organization. According to Springhall, these organizations had
a willingness to admit an unlimited number of children, adolescents and young adults with the aim of propagating some sort of code of living. It should also encourage the participation of its youthful members as leaders and organizers, allow for the possibility of competing for awards and badges, and provide them with an identity or status in the form of a uniform.1
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