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Stonehenge: A Landscape Through Time


David Jacques and Graeme Davis

The concept for this book materialised as a result of some brilliant research by University of Buckingham MA Archaeology students in 2014-15. Each examined a feature of the Stonehenge landscape from a different space and time perspective and produced work which contained a key focus on a neglected aspect of the multiple history of the area. Their dissertations have been edited into chapters and the broad scope of the collection covers people using, building and reshaping this landscape from the end of the Ice Age to the end of the Romano-British period. In doing so new detail about the richness and variety of ways generations of ordinary people understood the place is revealed.

The discovery of the internationally important Mesolithic site at Blick Mead by the University of Buckingham team, with specialist support from Durham and Reading Universities, the Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project and the Natural History Museum, provides a rich data set for students interested in the Mesolithic in general and the establishment of the Stonehenge landscape in particular.

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Vespasian’s Camp, Wiltshire: New insights into an Iron Age community in the Stonehenge landscape

The hillfort of Vespasian’s Camp in Wiltshire is situated 2 km east of Stonehenge at the north-west edge of the town of Amesbury (NGR SU145417). Despite only having undergone a limited level of archaeological excavation, a relatively good understanding of the hillforts construction and phasing has been ascertained by the work of Hunter-Mann (1999) in 1987. Through the excavation of three trenches Hunter-Mann (1999) establish that the site was occupied from the sixth to fifth centuries BC, with two considerable phases of rampart construction, both belonging to the glacis tradition.

During the 2014 excavation season at the site of Blick Mead (situated in the immediate vicinity of Vespasian’s Camp) (see Jacques and Phillips 2014; Jacques et al. 2018), site staff recognised that the downslope collapse of a substantial beech tree growing on the eastern ramparts of the Iron Age hillfort had uprooted archaeological deposits measuring approximately 3.2 m in width, 0.9 m in depth and 2.4 m in height above the modern level (see Figure A.1). Significant weathering to these vertically positioned deposits had resulted in the exposure of a moderate quantity of finds which had begun to fall from their stratified locations onto the surrounding ground surface. As it was only a matter of time before the fragile prehistoric pottery disintegrated and the bone became degraded and fragmented due to further weathering, it was decided with...

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