An important question concerning literary studies is the circulation of literary works beyond their place of origin. Many other aspects must also be taken into consideration, such as the asymmetric positioning of authors and their work in international circulation, which is conditioned by the relative position of languages and cultures in the global market. This volume focuses on literary and cultural circulation and includes essays that explore this topic through case studies, analysing works and authors from diverse literatures and cultures, and discussions of the theoretical issues surrounding circulation and all that it entails: temporality, place, method, material objects and concepts.
6 Revisiting Transculturation in Latin America: The Case of Marvelous Realism (Eduardo F. Coutinho)
Eduardo F. Coutinho 6 Revisiting Transculturation in Latin America: The Case of Marvelous Realism As a result of a process of colonization which lasted over three centuries and which can still be felt, though not from the same matrixes, in economic and cultural terms, Latin Americans have always developed a dubious and unequal attitude towards their dominators. On the one hand, there was a kind of blind admiration which led their elites to the indiscriminate importation of models that were imposed and adapted to the new territory without any sort of consideration for the differences between the context of origin and that of reception. On the other hand, there was a search for the constitution of a discourse based on the continent’s own view of the world, that is, on the intersection between its soil, people and culture. This latter position has given origin to a rich essay-writing tradition which is frequently seen as one of the main streams of the continent’s intellectual production. Yet, at moments, it has reached some extremes – such as with the Romantic praise of the autochthonous or with the twentieth century’s defense of an ideology of miscegenation – but it has certainly had the merit of constituting a kind of counterpoint to the discourse of colonization and of calling attention to the need for facing Latin American problems from their own perspective. The idea of approaching the continent’s problems from its own locus of enunciation is at the basis of what has been designated as “Latin...
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