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Micro-Scale Perspectives on Cognition, Translation and Cross-Cultural Communication

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Edited By Wojciech Wachowski, Zoltan Kövecses and Michał Borodo

This book explores the influence of culture and cognition on translation and communication and brings together revised versions of papers delivered at the First International TransLingua Conference, organized in 2015 by the Institute of Modern Languages and Applied Linguistics and the Department of English at Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland. The volume investigates various languages and cultures (including Japanese, Hungarian, English, Czech, Polish, German and Swahili) and examines a range of linguistic and translation issues from a micro-scale perspective. Alongside these case studies, it also includes reflections by two internationally renowned scholars, Elżbieta Tabakowska and Zoltán Kövecses, on the interplay between language, culture and cognition and the influence of collective and individual memory on translation.

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6 Syntactic structures as carriers of emphatic expression in literary translation from English into Czech and vice versa (Jana Richterová)

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JANA RICHTEROVÁ

6 Syntactic structures as carriers of emphatic expression in literary translation from English into Czech and vice versa

Introduction

The emphatic expression establishes an integral function of discourse, finding its realization in a range of distinct forms within the systems of individual languages. Apart from language-specific sets of lexical devices such as idiomatic expressions, the emphatic function is commonly reflected on the syntactic forms employed by the language user. It is the author of the text that assigns the emphatic charge to the elements within his own utterances, and the addressee is to decode the level of the emphatic markers to understand the text to the full, that is, including the emphasis involved. This chapter focuses on written discourse, specifically on the syntactic transformations employed for the purpose of expressing the emphatic functions in the English and Czech languages in literary texts and their translations. The topic thus represents a substantial part of the broader concept of translation studies.

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