Convergence, Contact and Interaction
Edited By Eugenia Dal Fovo and Paola Gentile
6 Locating Translation and Interpreting in a Speech Community: Locating the Speech Community in Translation and Interpreting Studies (Jim Hlavac)
6 Locating Translation and Interpreting in a Speech Community: Locating the Speech Community in Translation and Interpreting Studies
This chapter has as its starting point a linguistic group – speakers of a transposed, immigrant language in Australia – defined here as a speech community. This is a term widely used in sociolinguistics, but despite the social turn that occurred over 20 years ago, it is seldom used in Translation and Interpreting Studies. This chapter draws on a number of data samples from the Macedonian-Australian speech community in Melbourne to elicit the incidence of translation and interpreting in this speech community and to gain descriptions from protagonists of linguistic mediation. The data samples include: a survey completed by 60 first-generation and 38 second-generation speakers; interviews with a user, broker, dual-role mediator, bilingual employee and professional interpreter; a survey completed by 10 professional interpreters. Based on both quantitative data and an ethnographic approach, this chapter contextualises a speech community within Translation and Interpreting Studies, and proposes an expanded definition of the term to include translation and interpreting practices.
1. Definitions of Speech Community
This chapter focuses on translation, interpreting, and a speech community. The term speech community comes from sociolinguistics and became a term used by prominent linguists, such as Chomsky (1965), Gumperz (1968/1972), and Labov (1972), to reflect their approach to describing the relationship between individuals, groups and speech varieties. Chomsky’s (1965: 3) definition foregrounded his notion of the ‘ideal...
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