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Pirandello e un mondo da ri-disegnare

Edited By Alessandra Sorrentino, Michael Rössner, Fausto De Michele and Maria Gabriella Caponi

L’ultimo volume di studi dell’EPZ (Centro Europeo di Studi Pirandelliani) vuole contribuire ad allargare l’interesse della critica pirandelliana ad aspetti teorici che tengano conto del ruolo del Sud italiano nella geopolitica mondiale odierna. La premessa ai lavori sull’opera di Luigi Pirandello presenti in questo volume è la presa d’atto della specificità di alcuni luoghi nei quali i rapporti tra culture differenti si fanno più espliciti, luoghi di frontiera a cui il Sud d’Italia appartiene di diritto. Le linee guida di questa miscellanea s’ispirano alle più innovative tendenze di quella parte della ricerca letteraria che ha elaborato un discorso sui Sud del mondo più adatto a rappresentare i processi di negoziazione culturale permanenti, che caratterizzano il mondo globalizzato in cui viviamo. Utilizzando mezzi d’indagine diversi i saggi analizzano alcuni aspetti dell’opera pirandelliana che possano farsi strumento di comprensione di un mondo dove il concetto di Sud, in letteratura e non solo, si è ampliato: un mondo da ri-disegnare.

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8. Pirandello e le tre corde del piccolo mondo siciliano (Alice Flemrová)

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Alice Flemrová 8. Pirandello e le tre corde del piccolo mondo siciliano abstract This chapter examines the place held by Luigi Pirandello in a tradition of Italian writers whose work is rooted in the island of Sicily and who see the world through the intense refracted light of the Italian South. It also shows how Pirandello works life experience into his narratives and dramatic subject matter. Pirandello establishes his own poetics of humour, often considered a purely philosophical construct, in his long essay entitled ‘L’umorismo’ (On Humour, 1908). The fact that, behind these poetics, we need to seek the particular experience of life in Sicilian society, with its rigid social conventions that are constantly at odds with the individual’s unconscious desire to be authentic and free, was first pointed out by Antonio Gramsci and Leonardo Sciascia. This chapter draws particularly on the essays that Sciascia devoted to Pirandello’s relationship with Sicily and which today should also be read through the lens of Sciascia’s ‘filial’ relationship to Pirandello; it also follows the connections between Pirandello and Brancati and Pirandello and Verga, and it emphasizes the common features and points of concurrence in the works of the three authors. Although it becomes clear that Sicilian reality is reflected in scenes that seem to recur from one author to another, and in the almost identical conflicts suffered by the authors’ characters, numerous differences are also apparent. This is found especially in the contrasting narrative approaches and methods of portraying reality: first and foremost,...

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