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Revoke Ideology

Critical Constructionist Theory in the Human Sciences


Alipio DeSousa Filho

Edited By Jennifer Sarah Cooper

In these crooked times of chaotic and contradictory discourses in every social sphere, from politics to food production, "ideology" has become the buzzword to represent some solid structure on which to cling or under which to recoil, in an effort to understand reality. But how this structure is built and what it ultimately upholds – this is a primary focus of the Human Sciences. In this book, the author argues that in the Human Sciences, from its founders to contemporaries, a common premise is apparent: the fundamental property of all human-social reality is its character as something constructed. Through a vast set of analyses and reflections of his own, and by philosophers, psychologists, psychoanalysts, sociologists, anthropologists, neuroscientists and linguists, the author shows how this premise, applied, which he coins as critical constructionist theory, constitutes the fundamental theory of the Human Sciences. The book also traces how the main development of this theory gave rise to critical deconstructionism – philosophical, sociological, and anthropological – as an analytical procedure in contemporary studies and research, valid in discussions on culture, ethics, human rights, gender, sexuality and ethnicities. Understanding the role ideology plays in this construction, then, is key to liberation from oppressive conceptual structures of reality. This book exposes that role.

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Chapter 4: Ideology, Ideologic and Power Discourses and their Deconstruction


Chapter 4

Ideology, Ideologic and Power Discourses and their Deconstruction

The successive “discourses”, which are products of a history and are also reflection which do not correspond to the reality of their objects, differ from one century to another – a fact that suffices to indicate that non-correspondence.

— Paul Veyne, Foucault: His Thoughts, His Character

As long as there is no knowledge of actual history, as long as the theory does not show the meaning of the immediate practice of men, as long as the ordinary experience of life is maintained without criticism and without thought, ideology will remain.

— Marilena Chauí, What is Ideology?

The imagination places time in a context where it can easily be vanquished.

— Gilbert Durand, The anthropological Structures of the Imaginary

The truth is only admissible to the degree of cruelty

beyond which it is forbidden.

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