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Electric Worlds / Mondes électriques

Creations, Circulations, Tensions, Transitions (19th–21st C.)

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Edited By Alain Beltran, Léonard Laborie, Pierre Lanthier and Stéphanie Le Gallic

What interpretation(s) do today’s historians make of electrification? Electrification is a process which began almost a hundred and fifty years ago but which more than one billion men and women still do not have access to. This book displays the social diversity of the electric worlds and of the approaches to their history. It updates the historical knowledge and shows the renewal of the historiography in both its themes and its approaches. Four questions about the passage to the electrical age are raised: which innovations or combination of innovations made this passage a reality? According to which networks and appropriation? Evolving thanks to which tensions and alliances? And resulting in which transition and accumulation?

Quel(s) regard(s) les historiens d’aujourd’hui portent-ils sur l’électrification, processus engagé il y a près de cent cinquante ans mais auquel plus d’un milliard d’hommes et de femmes restent encore étrangers ? Le présent volume rend compte de la diversité des mondes sociaux électriques et des manières d’enquêter sur leur histoire. Il actualise les connaissances et témoigne du renouvellement de l’historiographie, dans ses objets et ses approches. Quatre points d’interrogation sur le basculement des sociétés dans l’âge électrique jalonnent le volume : moyennant quelles créations ou combinaisons créatrices ? En vertu de quelles circulations et appropriations ? Selon quelles tensions et alliances ? Et produisant quelles transitions et accumulations ?

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Origine et perspectives de l’électrification rurale au Cameroun

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Moïse Williams POKAM KAMDEM

Abstract

The electrification of Africa is progressing slowly. The industrial and urban vocation of this project contributed in many countries of the continent to forget the issue of rural electrification. Therefore, this form of energy is often perceived as a facility reserved to towns, although serious constraints regularly hinder access of the majority of the citizens to electricity. Some initiatives are nevertheless taken to bring this fairy in rural areas, as it is the case in Cameroon since 1971. The objective of this paper is to try to trace the historical framework of rural electrification in Cameroon and to understand the interactions between the actors involved, as well as the dynamics around this project. It is based on various administrative, technical and academic sources. In fact, little progress has been made in this area. Furthermore, current developments from the point of view of the diversification of actors, funding and technology options give to this issue a current interest. Moreover, it should be considered seriously in the on-going effort of writing the history of electricity in Africa.

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