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Electric Worlds / Mondes électriques

Creations, Circulations, Tensions, Transitions (19th–21st C.)

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Alain Beltran, Léonard Laborie, Pierre Lanthier and Stéphanie Le Gallic

What interpretation(s) do today’s historians make of electrification? Electrification is a process which began almost a hundred and fifty years ago but which more than one billion men and women still do not have access to. This book displays the social diversity of the electric worlds and of the approaches to their history. It updates the historical knowledge and shows the renewal of the historiography in both its themes and its approaches. Four questions about the passage to the electrical age are raised: which innovations or combination of innovations made this passage a reality? According to which networks and appropriation? Evolving thanks to which tensions and alliances? And resulting in which transition and accumulation?

Quel(s) regard(s) les historiens d’aujourd’hui portent-ils sur l’électrification, processus engagé il y a près de cent cinquante ans mais auquel plus d’un milliard d’hommes et de femmes restent encore étrangers ? Le présent volume rend compte de la diversité des mondes sociaux électriques et des manières d’enquêter sur leur histoire. Il actualise les connaissances et témoigne du renouvellement de l’historiographie, dans ses objets et ses approches. Quatre points d’interrogation sur le basculement des sociétés dans l’âge électrique jalonnent le volume : moyennant quelles créations ou combinaisons créatrices ? En vertu de quelles circulations et appropriations ? Selon quelles tensions et alliances ? Et produisant quelles transitions et accumulations ?

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Le développement des technologies de l’information et de la communication en Côte d’Ivoire face aux contraintes d’énergie électrique

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Alain François LOUKOU

Abstract

The widespread access to electricity is an important condition for the development of a country. Yet in Ivory Coast many areas of the country do not have access to this energy. In this sense, we can talk about electrical divide in the same way that we talk more commonly about digital divide to describe the unequal access to information and communication technologies (ICTs). Faced with this situation, a fair energy policy must fulfill two objectives: ensure the widest possible access for citizens to electricity and improve the ICTs Development Index (IDI) that is an indicator to characterize ICTs development in each country. Indeed, users’ many digital devices require power supply for optimal use. Electricity is therefore a prerequisite for the popularization of ICTs and the development of information society under construction. Unfortunately the current electricity supply constraints in Côte d’Ivoire are likely to hinder such an achievement.

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