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Federalism

A Political Theory for Our Time

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Edited By Lucio Levi, Giampiero Bordino and Antonio Mosconi

This volume is a collection of essays published between 1999 and 2015 in the review The Federalist Debate. The book highlights the issue of federalism intended as a theoretical paradigm to interpret the major problems of our age, and in particular the issues of peace and war in a world characterized by an uncontrolled globalization.

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States Vote, People Do Not

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Tommaso PADOA-SCHIOPPA

When the United States Senate failed to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), various ills that have poisoned this century suddenly returned to the blindness of democracy, the fragility of peace, the threat of nuclear destruction. For the most part, these ills stem from the absence of limitations to the sovereignty for states.

The CTBT is intended to ban all nuclear testing (including subterranean) required to develop nuclear arsenals. Such a ban would not ensure peace. But it would diminish the risk that humans will one day destroy themselves in war, since it would impede or prevent the uncontrolled proliferation of nuclear arms among the planet almost 200 nations. It was precisely because many countries with nuclear capabilities – including India, Pakistan and North Korea – did not sign the Treaty that its ratification by the stronger military powers was fundamental. And it is precisely because two of these powers – China and Russia – remained undecided, that the U.S. ratification of the Treaty was indispensable.

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