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Federalism

A Political Theory for Our Time

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Edited By Lucio Levi, Giampiero Bordino and Antonio Mosconi

This volume is a collection of essays published between 1999 and 2015 in the review The Federalist Debate. The book highlights the issue of federalism intended as a theoretical paradigm to interpret the major problems of our age, and in particular the issues of peace and war in a world characterized by an uncontrolled globalization.

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The Crisis and the Weakness of the European Demos

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Josep BORRELL

All the changes that have come about in Europe because of the crisis, particularly those that still need to be implemented, imply a transfer of sovereignty to a supranational level that should be accompanied by the necessary democratic control at that same level. This has not been the case until now, and the crisis itself can explain it. But for the future, we must consider the political model the EU is going to adopt. This may be, as is well known, intergovernmental or communitarian. It is not clear which of the two paths is easier, and it is even less evident which enjoys more support from the European public. We have already learnt the risks brought about by the elites’ wilfulness when they propose rushing headlong toward political integration. Those of us who were members of the Convention believed that the idea of a constitution would awaken the pro-European enthusiasm of the people. But suspicions about the construction of a super-European state were more important, and the project was rejected. The change brought about by the crisis has not gone in the direction of federalism. The intergovernmental logic of assistance in exchange for budgetary discipline has predominated without increasing fiscal harmonization.

Since 2010, when a Eurozone member state needs financial assistance it is not the communitarian budget that offers it. It is financed by the other governments in proportion to their own resources and controlled by their national parliaments. It could have...

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