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Federalism

A Political Theory for Our Time

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Edited By Lucio Levi, Giampiero Bordino and Antonio Mosconi

This volume is a collection of essays published between 1999 and 2015 in the review The Federalist Debate. The book highlights the issue of federalism intended as a theoretical paradigm to interpret the major problems of our age, and in particular the issues of peace and war in a world characterized by an uncontrolled globalization.

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The Union of the Peoples of Europe and the Example of Mandela

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Tzvetan TODOROV

The Union of the peoples of Europe commenced as a reaction against the wars which had devastated the continent in the 20th century, or against the menace of totalitarian regimes. Paradoxically, the politicians who contributed most to its birth were the worst enemies of those peoples: first Hitler, then Stalin. The overcoming of national divergences was possible as a result of the perils threatening the continent: the return of war, the imposition of a Communist regime. On the one hand, the constitution of (unified) European politics is a success: wars have become impossible between member-States and attempts to overthrow democratic governments have failed.

On the other hand, the implausibility of inter-State wars in Europe is at the heart of a tragic illusion: that of automatic invulnerability, extended also to the extra-European world. It is shown by the exiguity of military expenditures in the majority of European States. Truth be told, Europeans chose a different solution: to delegate their own defense to a loyal ally, the United States, while obtaining security advantages without taking on the relative costs. Nonetheless, this free-ride policy has its drawbacks. In fact, from the moment Europeans rely on others they give up effective control on the security measures taken by the latter. Consequently, they cannot protest against the use of such measures without losing face: in case they do not approve them, why does not the European Union directly provide for its own security? To mention recent examples,...

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