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A Political Theory for Our Time


Lucio Levi, Giampiero Bordino and Antonio Mosconi

This volume is a collection of essays published between 1999 and 2015 in the review The Federalist Debate. The book highlights the issue of federalism intended as a theoretical paradigm to interpret the major problems of our age, and in particular the issues of peace and war in a world characterized by an uncontrolled globalization.

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The Regional Integration Process of Central America




The success of European integration and the stability and prosperity it offers has found followers elsewhere in the world. The majority of these regional integration schemes, however, limit themselves to economic objectives and tend to avoid ambitious political goals. This is particularly true in the American continent where, despite linguistic and cultural affinities, the various regional integration schemes stay within the framework of inter-governmental co-operation, mainly concentrating in areas of customs and economic approximation and integration. A notable exception to this pattern is Central America. Not only is it the most politically advanced integration process of the Americas, but it also presents several unique characteristics that federalists should approach with more interest. The five countries that traditionally compose the Isthmus of Central America (Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica) share many common traits. They formed part of the Mayan cultural area and, following the Spanish conquest, they became a separate administrative unit (the General Captaincy of Guatemala) within the Vice-Royalty of New Spain (Mexico). The region lacked precious metals and was neglected both by the Spanish administration and by immigrants. Throughout the colonial period, it remained an imperial outpost, sparsely populated and with few and difficult communications with the rest of the world. A small minority of criollos (merchants or landowners) constituted the local aristocracy ruling over the mass of marginalised Indians.

The independence process of the 1820s was forced upon Central Americans who were relatively satisfied with the...

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