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Federalism

A Political Theory for Our Time

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Edited By Lucio Levi, Giampiero Bordino and Antonio Mosconi

This volume is a collection of essays published between 1999 and 2015 in the review The Federalist Debate. The book highlights the issue of federalism intended as a theoretical paradigm to interpret the major problems of our age, and in particular the issues of peace and war in a world characterized by an uncontrolled globalization.

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Problems of Democratization

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George MODELSKI

Democratization is one of the central phenomena of our times. Let us bring together, with the help of an attractive image, some basic facts about it, viewing it as the process whereby democratic practices have been spreading world-wide for a considerable time now. We set out to accomplish this task with the help of the image displayed on page 438 that succinctly summarizes the information about the condition and the progress of democratization at various points in time in the past century and a half.

By condition we mean to indicate the relative importance of democ­racies in the world picture. With progress we intend to show this to be a dynamic picture that opens out a window to the future. The image “World Democratization” is simple but it displays this crucial information in two ways. First, it shows seventeen discrete data points that depict, at ten year intervals, the proportion of the world’s peoples that at that point in time lived in democracies. The first of these data points refers to 1840, and indicates that in that year some 3.9 per cent of the world population lived in democratic countries, and more specifically, in the United States, and the United Kingdom, the only two that could thus be described. By the year 2000, the last of the data points, following the collapse of the Soviet bloc, that figure had risen to 57.1 per cent, and the number of democracies to 87...

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