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Europe or Not! Multiple Conversations and Voices

With Alberto Martinelli, Vittorio Cotesta, Nadia Urbinati and Alain Touraine

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Edited By Monica Simeoni

Europe is in crisis and the EU project risks disintegration. The refugee and Brexit issues, as well as recent events in Turkey, demonstrate how serious matters really are. In a EurActiv interview, in February 2016, Edgar Morin, the French sociologist and philosopher, speaks of a «planetary crisis» and the need «to change civilisation» in order to respond to the complexity of today’s world. Furthermore, the drama of terrorism, a new phenomenon for contemporary western democracies requires serious reflection regarding jihadism and its radicalisation.

These are but some of the issues addressed during the multiple conversations held with the three sociologists, Alberto Martinelli, Vittorio Cotesta and Alain Touraine and with the political scientist, Nadia Urbinati. All the interviewees are leading experts on European issues and institutions, as well as on democracy put to the test currently by rampant populism in almost all the EU countries. Alain Touraine fervently holds that «it is madness» not to want a united Europe at a moment when we need a new political and economic project capable of defeating the nationalism, walls and separation between states that now seem to prevail.

Europe finds itself in a dramatic position: it must choose innovation and construction, or disintegration, with all the unpredictable consequences this may entail.

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A New Europe in the Face of Cultural and Religious Differences. Fear of Islam

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A New Europe in the Face of Cultural and Religious Differences

Fear of Islam

Prof. Enzo PACE1

The process of European unification has been showing signs of uncertainty for at least a decade now. The long-distance dialogues with the author of this book, Monica Simeoni, bear eloquent testimony to this fact. The many ills at present afflicting the European Union affect not only the economy, the state of liberal democracy, but also cause the evaporation of long-standing, traditional political parties and the concrete risk of losing an entire generation. To this, one needs to add the existence of the growing conviction among greater and greater numbers of European citizens – that the crisis certainly helps to spread – that a common European home, aimed at bringing together peoples considered too different from one another, is no longer feasible. The common home now seems more like a cage, where people are forcibly compelled to live with others who are perceived being so different as to appear totally incompatible. Incompatible, of course, with our values, our laws, our religious traditions.

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