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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2016

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Centro di Ateneo per i Diritti Umani

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2016 provides a dynamic and up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.

The 2016 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy in 2015 by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy's position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.

"Italy and Human Rights in 2015: Universal Ethics, Good Governance and Political Realism" is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. Starting with the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, international human rights law plunged onto the world stage with very specific principles and rules, which represent so many points that are essential not only for the legality but also for the sustainability of the political agenda. The universal code of human rights, widely ratified by Italy, presses for a continuous commitment to perfecting the legal order, which has immediate significance for the good governance agenda.

The Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2016 represents an updated orientation tool with regards the main initiatives to be undertaken on the legislative, infrastructural and policy-making fronts in order to strengthen the Italian system for promoting and protecting human rights.

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Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2016

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For the fifth consecutive year, the research and editorial committee of the Italian Yearbook of Human Rights, based at the Human Rights Centre of the University of Padova, has compiled an Italian Agenda of Human Rights, drawing on the analysis of the recommendations made to Italy at the international level and the most critical issues identified in the successive editions of the Yearbook itself. The Agenda can constitute an updated instrument for choosing the main initiatives to be undertaken on the legislative, infrastructural and policy-making fronts in order to strengthen the Italian system for promoting and protecting human rights (information on the previous editions of the Agenda is available online at www.italianhumanrightsyearbook.eu).

The research and editorial committee found that in 2015 (and in the first two months of 2016), there were nine items and sub-items on the 2015 Agenda (see 2015 Yearbook, pp. 29-34) on which Italy made clear progress over the year considered. Three of these were on the normative level: Italy deposited the respective ratification instruments for the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (8 October 2015), the United Nations Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness (1 December 2015) and the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure (4 February 2016).

The fourth and fifth items concern the infrastructural level. A decree dated 11 March 2015 established the Office of the National Ombudsperson for the Rights of Detainees and...

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