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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2016

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Centro di Ateneo per i Diritti Umani

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2016 provides a dynamic and up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.

The 2016 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy in 2015 by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy's position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.

"Italy and Human Rights in 2015: Universal Ethics, Good Governance and Political Realism" is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. Starting with the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, international human rights law plunged onto the world stage with very specific principles and rules, which represent so many points that are essential not only for the legality but also for the sustainability of the political agenda. The universal code of human rights, widely ratified by Italy, presses for a continuous commitment to perfecting the legal order, which has immediate significance for the good governance agenda.

The Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2016 represents an updated orientation tool with regards the main initiatives to be undertaken on the legislative, infrastructural and policy-making fronts in order to strengthen the Italian system for promoting and protecting human rights.

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Council of Europe

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Established on 5 May 1949, the Council of Europe (CoE, 47 Member States) is the first and most advanced system of promotion and protection of human rights at the regional level. The Permanent Representative of Italy to the Council of Europe is H.E. Manuel Jacoangeli. On 23 June 2015 the Parliamentary Assembly of the CoE elected the Italian Gabriella Battaini-Dragoni for a second term as Deputy Secretary-General of the organisation.

In 2015, Italy contributed an overall total of 34,900,364 euro to the activities of the Council of Europe, of which 27,369,609 euro for the ordinary budget (in 2014 the overall total was 35,094,389 euro, 27,249,984 of which for the ordinary budget). In 2015, Italy made voluntary contributions for euro 583,980 (euro 500,460 in 2014).

The following pages will illustrate, with reference to Italy, the activities of the Parliamentary Assembly and the Committee of Ministers; those of six bodies established by a treaty: the European Court of Human Rights, the Committee for the Prevention of Torture, the European Committee of Social Rights, the Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings and the Group of Experts on Action against Violence against Women and Domestic Violence; and of four bodies established by the Committee of Ministers: Commissioner for Human Rights, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance, the European Commission for...

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