Edited By Centro di Ateneo per i Diritti Umani
The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2016 provides a dynamic and up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.
The 2016 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy in 2015 by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy's position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.
"Italy and Human Rights in 2015: Universal Ethics, Good Governance and Political Realism" is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. Starting with the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, international human rights law plunged onto the world stage with very specific principles and rules, which represent so many points that are essential not only for the legality but also for the sustainability of the political agenda. The universal code of human rights, widely ratified by Italy, presses for a continuous commitment to perfecting the legal order, which has immediate significance for the good governance agenda.
The Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2016 represents an updated orientation tool with regards the main initiatives to be undertaken on the legislative, infrastructural and policy-making fronts in order to strengthen the Italian system for promoting and protecting human rights.
Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
Through a multi-dimensional approach to security, the OSCE (57 participating States) operates in the fields of conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation. Among its specific bodies and mechanisms worth noting are the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), the High Commissioner on National Minorities, the Representative on Freedom of the Media and the Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings. Lamberto Zannier from the Italian diplomatic service has been the Secretary General of the OSCE since 1 July 2011.
Head of the Italian mission to the OSCE is H.E. Filippo Formica. 13 members of the Italian Chamber of Deputies and Senate sit in the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly. The head of the Italian parliamentary delegation is Paolo Romani. On 5 July 2015, the Italian MP Roberto Montella was elected as the new Secretary General of the Parliamentary Assembly; his term commences as of 1 January 2016.
Italy is one of the main contributors to the OSCE. In 2015, the Italian contribution to the budget was approximately 15 million euro (about 10.4% of the overall budget), the same as those of France and the United Kingdom.
I. Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR)
This office is the main OSCE institution which, since 1991, has been supporting Member States in meeting their human dimension commitments. Michael Georg Link (Germany) has been its Director since 1 July 2014.
In 2015, Italy continued its participation...
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