Edited By Centro di Ateneo per i Diritti Umani
The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2016 provides a dynamic and up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.
The 2016 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy in 2015 by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy's position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.
"Italy and Human Rights in 2015: Universal Ethics, Good Governance and Political Realism" is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. Starting with the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, international human rights law plunged onto the world stage with very specific principles and rules, which represent so many points that are essential not only for the legality but also for the sustainability of the political agenda. The universal code of human rights, widely ratified by Italy, presses for a continuous commitment to perfecting the legal order, which has immediate significance for the good governance agenda.
The Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2016 represents an updated orientation tool with regards the main initiatives to be undertaken on the legislative, infrastructural and policy-making fronts in order to strengthen the Italian system for promoting and protecting human rights.
Humanitarian and Criminal Law
I. Adapting to International Humanitarian and Criminal Law
Italy is party to all the main international conventions on the law of armed conflict and international criminal law. As far as the disarmament sector is concerned, the obligation to present regular reports on the state of implementation of the provisions of the various conventions becomes particularly significant. In this respect, in 2015 Italy submitted the initial report required under art. 13(1) of the Arms Trade Treaty (August 2015) in addition to the following reports: the annual report established by the Convention against Anti-personnel Mines; the report required by the Protocol on Landmines, Booby Traps and Other Devices and that of the Protocol on Explosive Remnants of War to the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons; and the annual report required by the Oslo Convention banning cluster munitions (April 2015).
II. The Italian Contribution to Peace-Keeping and other International Missions
In 2015, with two legislative decrees converted into law by Parliament (l.d. 18 February 2015, No. 7, converted by law 17 April 2015, No. 43; l.d. 30 October 2015, No. 174, converted by law 11 December 2015, No. 198), Italy financed the extension of the participation of Italian military and civilian personnel in international missions. In addition, l.d. 8 July 2015, No. 99, converted by law 4 August 2015, No. 117, adopted the provisions necessary for military personnel to take part in the European Union military operation...
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