Recent years in Europe have been marked by efforts to introduce changes in labour law in order to boost employment, reduce labour costs and increase flexibility of national labour markets. The increased international competition has led to major labour law reforms in some European countries but the majority of national developments still indicate a rather limited reformist approach. Evolutionary rather than revolutionary efforts were initiated to balance the wage-setting mechanisms and to soften the dismissal law protection to create room for flexibility, to increase employment by promoting atypical forms of employment, to accommodate legal regulations to technological advances and the new types of economy. Accompanying social security measures intended to improve the efficiency of active labour market policies.
The current selection of academic contributions intends to provide an overview of recent developments in the legal regulation of labour markets in Eastern and Western European countries. The authors’ contributions could not cover all the aspects of the current state of recent reformist efforts on the labour markets. However, by picturing separate developments in different European countries, it intends to assist in identifying regional similarities. Furthermore, it provides opportunities for exchange of ideas, experiences and practices for shaping labour law both at European and national level.
The Lithuanian Social Partnership Model and its Impact on the Development of Labour Law (Rytis Krasauskas)
The Lithuanian Social Partnership Model and its Impact on the Development of Labour Law
The article presents the Lithuanian social partnership (hereinafter – SP) model. It reveals and analyses the SP system insofar as this system is related to social employment relations among employees (their representatives), employers (their representatives) and the state, the balancing of the interests of subjects involved in these legal relations, as well as its impact on the legal regulation of employment relations and on solving disputes arising in the area of these relations. The conclusion is drawn that, from 1990 until the present, the Lithuanian SP model has been undergoing transformation from quasi-partnership towards real SP. In order to assess the current situation of the functioning SP systems and their particularities, the main legal sources and the formally consolidated SP system, comprising the operating subjects, are addressed, and the forms and levels consolidated for implementing this system, as well as the established governing principles, are examined. The article presents a multifaceted cross-cutting assessment of the actual situation of SP. The article identifies and defines the key factors influencing the gap between the formal SP model and its actual condition. In the opinion of the author, this gap exists due to legal, economic, political and psychological reasons, which have a direct impact on the behaviour of social partners in balancing the interests of subjects involved in employment relations.
Keywords: social partnership model, social dialogue, employment relations, legal...
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