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Austerity and the Implementation of the Europe 2020 Strategy in Spain

Re-shaping the European Productive and Social Model: a Reflexion from the South


Edited By Javier Ramos and Esther del Campo

This book adopts a critical perspective to analyze the Europe-2020 Strategy and its effects on the transformation of the European productive and social model, particularly in Spain. The evidence provided in this book suggests that the Europe-2020 strategy cannot be dissociated from the policies of commodification initiated in the Stability and Growth Pact (Maastricht, 1997) nor from the Austerity measures implemented to deal with the financial crisis in 2007. 

These policies of «commodification» and «austerity» are seriously limiting Europe-2020 capacity to foster a smart, sustainable and inclusive productive transition, while adding greatly to the continuous process of precarization and social exclusion that European societies are suffering, especially in Southern Europe.   

The book presents empirical evidence on these externalities in areas as diverse as EU foreign policy, entrepreneurship or gender equality. But the special emphasis has been placed in those areas that the Europe 2020 strategy considers crucial such as employment, R&D, climate change and energy sustainability, education and fighting against poverty in Spain.

Thanks to the profuse analyses carried out by a group of leading Spanish academics, the book constitutes a benchmark for scholars, practitioners and the general public interested in European and Spanish economic policy issues.

"Essential contributions on the challenges faced by the Spanish economy when it comes to strengthening the Welfare State" (Valeriano Gómez, former Minister of Employment)

"A most useful collection of contributions addressing Spain’s difficulties in dealing with an indebted economy, and in need of re-shaping its strategic productive and social models within the EU" (Luis Moreno, IPP-CSIC).

"This book provides appealing insights into the evolution of the Spanish productive and social protection systems under austerity, as well as an analysis of crucial aspects of the implementation of the EU 2020 Strategy. A must-read for professionals and students interested on European" (Ana Marta Guillén, Dep Sociology- Oviedo University)

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Gender Inequality in Europe 2020 and Spain (Esther del Campo / Marta Pajarín García)


← 128 | 129 →

Gender Inequality in Europe 2020 and Spain



The objective of this chapter is to analyse the role of Europe 2020 in facilitating gender equality policies in general and in Spain in particular, contributing to the promotion of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. Our findings suggest that Europe 2020 does not incorporate systematic gender perspective which compromises the objective of social cohesion. The article identifies this weakness and displays a more complete analysis of the situation in Spain indicating those key dimensions that condition the economic opportunities of Spanish women to be taken into account when searching for growth with gender equality.

1.   Gender equality: a recognized principle for action and public policy

Equality between women and men and non-discrimination is one of the founding values of the European Union (EU). The principle of “equal pay for equal work” was included in the Treaty of Rome in 1957, and gender equality is also a fundamental right enshrined in art. 2 of the EU Treaty and the Charter of Fundamental Rights. The EU has developed an extensive body of Directives and initiatives on gender equality, moving from an approach of equal treatment in the workplace, to the implementation of positive action3 measures and the adoption of ← 129 | 130 → gender mainstreaming, in line with international recommendations of the Fourth World Conference of Beijing (Lirola and Manzano, 2002). This process...

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