Re-shaping the European Productive and Social Model: a Reflexion from the South
Edited By Javier Ramos and Esther del Campo
This book adopts a critical perspective to analyze the Europe-2020 Strategy and its effects on the transformation of the European productive and social model, particularly in Spain. The evidence provided in this book suggests that the Europe-2020 strategy cannot be dissociated from the policies of commodification initiated in the Stability and Growth Pact (Maastricht, 1997) nor from the Austerity measures implemented to deal with the financial crisis in 2007.
These policies of «commodification» and «austerity» are seriously limiting Europe-2020 capacity to foster a smart, sustainable and inclusive productive transition, while adding greatly to the continuous process of precarization and social exclusion that European societies are suffering, especially in Southern Europe.
The book presents empirical evidence on these externalities in areas as diverse as EU foreign policy, entrepreneurship or gender equality. But the special emphasis has been placed in those areas that the Europe 2020 strategy considers crucial such as employment, R&D, climate change and energy sustainability, education and fighting against poverty in Spain.
Thanks to the profuse analyses carried out by a group of leading Spanish academics, the book constitutes a benchmark for scholars, practitioners and the general public interested in European and Spanish economic policy issues.
"Essential contributions on the challenges faced by the Spanish economy when it comes to strengthening the Welfare State" (Valeriano Gómez, former Minister of Employment)
"A most useful collection of contributions addressing Spain’s difficulties in dealing with an indebted economy, and in need of re-shaping its strategic productive and social models within the EU" (Luis Moreno, IPP-CSIC).
"This book provides appealing insights into the evolution of the Spanish productive and social protection systems under austerity, as well as an analysis of crucial aspects of the implementation of the EU 2020 Strategy. A must-read for professionals and students interested on European" (Ana Marta Guillén, Dep Sociology- Oviedo University)
The Spanish Productive Model Facing the Challenge of its Europeanisation (Celso Cancela Outeda / Bruno González Cacheda)
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The Spanish Productive Model Facing the Challenge of its Europeanisation
Celso CANCELA OUTEDA1 and Bruno GONZÁLEZ CACHEDA2
The economic crisis that affected the Spanish economy from 2008 onwards exposed a series of weaknesses linked, mainly, to its productive system. This has motivated a stream of opinions on the causes of the collapse of the real economy and, at the same time, the formulation of proposals and remedies. Until that date, there was a relative and generalized consensus on the effects of European integration on the Spanish economy that were synthesized by its Europeanisation.
Basically, this phenomenon “would refer to the ‘domestic impact of Europe’, the various ways in which institutions, processes and policies emanating from the European level influence policies, politics and polities at the domestic level (be it member or non-member states)” (Börzel and Rise, 2006). Even though this approach creates academic controversies, the treatment of which is not the objective of these pages, the Europeanisation indeed makes reference to a progressive adaptation and adjustment in diverse fields of the state systems (Closa, 2001; Börzel and Rise, 2006; Morata, 2007). In particular, the state economic systems should aim gradually for a certain homogenisation or convergence. A fortiori, the EU has launched initiatives such as the Lisbon Strategy (2000) or Europe 2020 (2010), the aspiration of which was, precisely, the implementation of a homogeneous economic model on a European scale in a globalized environment...
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