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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2017

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Edited By Centro di Ateneo per i Diritti Umani

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2017 offers an up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level on the subject of fundamental rights. The 2017 Yearbook surveys the most significant activities of national and local Italian actors at domestic and international level, including civil society organisations and universities. It also dedicates space to recommendations made by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, OSCE, the Council of Europe, and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy's position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.

"Italy and Human Rights in 2016: the "Long March" towards Establishing Independent National Human Rights Institutions and the Ambiguous Addition of the Crime of Torture to the Italian Criminal Code" is the title of the 2017 Yearbook introduction.

The Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2017 represents an updated orientation tool with regards the main initiatives to be undertaken on the legislative, infrastructural and policy-making fronts in order to strengthen the Italian system for promoting and protecting human rights.

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Humanitarian and Criminal Law

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I. Adapting to International Humanitarian and Criminal Law

Italy is party to all the main international conventions on the law of armed conflict and international criminal law. In the armaments sector, the obligation to submit regular reports on the state of implementation of the provisions of the various conventions is particularly significant.

In this respect, in 2016 Italy submitted the annual report required by the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons (19 May 2016); the annual report established under art. 7 of the Convention against Anti-personnel Mines; the report required by the Protocol on Landmines, Booby Traps and Other Devices and that of the Protocol on Explosive Remnants of War; the annual report required by the Oslo Convention banning cluster munitions (March 2016); and the annual report required by the Arms Trade Treaty (31 May 2016).

Considering its relevance to this issue, it is worth mentioning the adoption in 2016 of the III National Action Plan for the period 2016–2019 to implement the United Nations Security Council resolution 1325(2000) (see Part II, National Bodies with Jurisdiction over Human Rights, III, A).

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