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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration


Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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EU Strategy for the Danube Macro-Region (EUSDR)



Austria, Baden-Wurttemberg and Romania initiated the development of an EU Strategy for the Danube Region (EUSDR) following a lengthy stalemate of shipping along the Danube in 2008. It was encouraged by the first European Union (EU) macro-regional strategy in 2007 in the EU Baltic Sea Region.

In 2009, the European Council asked the European Commission to develop a strategy for the Danube Region. After an intensive consultation period, the European Commission presented a strategy draft document and an Action Plan in December 2010. In the General Affairs Council in April 2011, the member-states endorsed the strategy. Subsequently the European Council endorsed the EUSDR in June 2011. The Danube macro-region covers the 10 riparian States of the Danube (Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Rumania, Bulgaria, Republic of Moldova, Ukraine) as well as the four countries of the wider Danube water catchment area (Czech Republic, Slovenia, Montenegro, Bosnia Herzegovina). Therefore, its delineation is based on one hand on territorial-administrative aspects, addressing the territory of EU member and non-member states; and, on the other hand, on functional aspects, covering the natural geographic area of the Danube river.

The EUSDR aims to address the region’s main challenges such as environmental threats, untapped shipping potential, the lack of road and rail transport connections, energy connections, uneven socio-economic development, uncoordinated education and research systems, as well as shortcomings in security through better coordination and cooperation. The main goals of the collaboration are to better connect the Danube region, protect...

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