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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration

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Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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Greater Region

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The territory of Greater Region (65 400 km2) includes the State of Luxembourg, the Belgian region of Wallonia, the German Länder of Saarland and Rheinland-Pfalz plus the French region of Lorraine, part of the French Grand Est region and groups 11 million inhabitants from different national, regional, and urban identities. The region originates from the management of a cross-border industrial basin. Following the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), whose policy was implemented largely in this space, an Intergovernmental Commission assembling the French and German states was initiated in 1969 and ←512 | 513→later joined by the state of Luxembourg to tackle the steel and mining industry crisis.

In 1971, this Intergovernmental Commission created a regional commission whose mission was to deal with a series of issues involving Saarland, Lorraine, and Luxembourg. The work of both commissions was limited to a territory including the SaarLorLux zone plus the German regions of Trier and Western Palatinate in 1980. Five types of changes have been taking place since then: First, the institutionalization of cooperation has intensified, including the creation of the Summit of Executives in 1995 composed of the associated public authorities which set common working priorities. Second, the presence of regional public councils and civil society representatives has been reinforced in the governance. Third, the cross-border region was extended to Wallonia in 2005. Fourth, the cross-border co-operation has been boosted by the presence of European Union (EU) funding and especially Interreg programs. Finally, the...

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