Show Less
Restricted access

Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration

Series:

Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

Show Summary Details
Restricted access

Interreg

Extract





Interreg is an instrument of the European Union (EU) through which the territorial cross-border cooperation has been transformed from a spontaneous local phenomenon into a structured EU program. This transformation is the result of a gradual process that took place within the framework of the development of the European integration process since the creation of the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1957.

What cross-border cooperation and the European integration project had in common was the ambition to transcend national borders, which were viewed as an obstacle to the creation of a unique space sharing the same historical, cultural, social and economic characteristics. The two ←542 | 543→phenomena have influenced each other over the years, with the European integration process playing a crucial role in the institutionalization of cross-border cooperation and cross-border cooperation initiatives having contributed to a de facto integration among European people and territories beyond national borders. Early interest by the EEC towards the internal border regions and cross-border cooperation as an instrument for the development of these territories and for the European project itself was strictly linked to the objectives of creating a common economic space. The rationale behind this idea was that in the new EEC framework, internal border regions would lose their peripheral and disadvantaged status, while at the same time they would assume an important role in unifying the area. The first studies and cross-border initiatives financed by the European Commission (EC) and the European Investment Bank (EIB) date...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.