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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration


Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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Madrid Outline Convention


The European Outline Convention on Transfrontier Cooperation between Territorial Communities or Authorities (Treaty No. 106 in the Council of Europe treaty recording system) is widely known as the “Madrid Convention” or the “Madrid Outline Convention” because it was opened for signature on 21 May 1980 in Madrid following adoption by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe. The opening for signature of a Council of Europe convention outside Strasbourg was, and still is, a relatively rare occurrence which stresses the commitment of the host country to the treaty’s subject matter or, as is the case for the Madrid Outline Convention, allows for the treaty to be signed by the political representatives who were at the origin of the treaty – in this case the European ministers responsible for local government meeting in Madrid for their fourth conference.

After the initial step taken by the Resolution (74)8 of the Committee of Ministers in 1974, European ministers have been instrumental in pushing for such a convention by having this issue twice on their agenda: first in Paris in 1975 and then in Athens in 1976. Interestingly, thirty years later, in 2009, the same conference of European ministers was hosted in Utrecht at the occasion of the signature ceremony for Protocol No. 3 to the Madrid Outline Convention on Euroregional Cooperation Groupings (Treaty No. 206). It was the ministers in charge of sectoral policies (in this case cross-border cooperation between local and regional authorities) who felt the...

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