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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration


Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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Nouvelle Aquitaine Euskadi Navarre Euroregion



In 1989, the Basque Autonomous Community and the Aquitaine Region signed a collaboration agreement that marked the beginning of a permanent relationship between these two border regions, which share a common language, Basque, and a common culture.

On the 13th of February 1992, a single agreement for tripartite cooperation was signed between the Aquitaine Region, the Basque Autonomous Community and the Provincial Council of Navarre. The objectives of the agreement included encouraging collaborative relationships between the public, professional and private bodies operating in each region. Highlighted in particular are economic and social areas, developing communication infrastructure, training, research and raising the value of cultural and linguistic heritage.

To achieve these goals, cooperation funds were established. They are coordinated by an institutional standing committee. The committee is made up of the presidents of the regions and four additional members, including a representative from the sub-regional border communities. A permanent office acts as the secretariat of the committee. Mixed technical commissions were also established, corresponding to the three sectors of the cooperation fund. They are responsible for examining the proposed cooperation projects and for presenting a breakdown of the spending to the standing committee.

Until the creation of the Bidasoa-Txingudi Cross-border Consortium in 1999, the Tripartite Cooperation Agreement was the largest enterprise in cross-border Franco-Basque cooperation. The Government of Navarre has since decided not to continue its contributions to the common fund due to political differences with the Basque Government; this has resulted in...

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