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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration


Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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Tisza was the first European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) in Europe involving a non-European Union (EU) member state. In 2015, the founders were Szabolcs-Szatmár Bereg county and the municipality of Kisvárda from Hungary; and Zakarpattya oblast (county) from the Ukraine. The territory of the EGTC is larger than 18 000 km2, where more than 1.8 million inhabitants live in 838 municipalities. The first international introduction of the EGTC was in 2016, in Brussels, at the annual meeting of the EGTC Platform. The EGTC was set up based on the relevant EU legislation and the fact that Ukraine was among the first countries adopting the third protocol of the Madrid Outline Convention which is one among the eligibility criteria of the EGTCs with third country members. At the same time, the background ensuring legally fixed operation of the grouping is still missing causing daily difficulties to the EGTC. Therefore, the management of the grouping plays an active role in designing the Ukrainian legal provisions facilitating the establishment and functioning of the EGTCs – in cooperation with the National Academy of Sciences and the Uzhhorod University.

The grouping was created with a purpose to strengthen cross-border territorial cohesion and to promote the Euro-Atlantic integration of the Ukraine.

The cooperation across the border is inevitable because the water and waste management of the river Tisza requires joint efforts. The need for integrated interventions makes it reasonable to set up such a joint institution. The strategic...

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