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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration

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Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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Cross-Border Impact Assessment

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Border regions are faced with the consequences of European and national legislation, policies or programs which can potentially have negative or positive effects on, for instance, cross-border cooperation, cross-border economic development or the situation of cross-border workers. For a long time, there has been a debate on the impact assessments and the territorial dimensions of legislation, policies and programs. The European Commission has discussed the topic in the framework of its own impact assessment strategy. In its “Better Regulation” package adopted in 2015, the Commission has proposed measures to ensure that territorial aspects are factored into policy options. This should happen through the implementation of robust impact assessments of legislation that include territorial elements. The European Commission defines “Territorial Impact Assessment” as the procedure (or method) to “evaluate the likely impact of policies, programs and projects on the territory, highlighting the importance of the geographic distribution of consequences and effects and considering the spatial developments in Europe.” However, the European Commission’s guidance documents do not discuss specific assessment criteria for border regions. Territorial Impact Assessment is still a non-mandatory procedure. Considering the myriad of border regions the European Union (EU) counts, it seems to be difficult for the European Commission to map out detailed cross-border effects for all the EU’s border regions in the impact assessments it conducts.

Under the framework of the European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion (ESPON) program, several instruments for territorial assessment have been developed (called Tequila, Quick Check, Eatia,...

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