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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration

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Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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European City Görlitz-Zgorzelec

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The European City Görlitz-Zgorzelec is a town-twinning project located at the German-Polish border. More precisely, the double city is situated in the Upper Lusatia Region that is part of the Federal state of Saxony and the Polish Lower Silesian Voivodeship. Görlitz-Zgorzelec is part of the tri-national Euroregion Neisse-Nisa-Nysa. The double city is the biggest cross-border urban area at the German-Polish border in terms of population. In Görlitz-Zgorzelec live 88 000 inhabitants, on the German side the population numbers about 56 000 while on the Polish side the population is approximately 32 000 inhabitants.

In the last century, there have been several shifting of boundaries in this region. Until 1945, the river Neisse connected both sides as one ←351 | 352→city. After the Second World War, the city was divided along the Neisse river and the eastern part of the city was administered by the Polish state and a new city arose. In 1990, the Treaty on Border Confirmation embedded the Oder-Neisse border legally in international law (the German Democratic Republic (GDR) already acknowledged it in 1950 through the Treaty of Zgorzelec). Based on the German-Polish Treaty of Good Neighbourship (1991) and in the course of European integration, both cities cooperated more intensely across borders in the beginning of the 1990s. Conclusively, the double city Görlitz-Zgorzelec has been founded after a cooperation treaty of both cities in 1992 and proclaimed as a European city in 1998.

In the framework...

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