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Paz y valores europeos como posible modelo de integración y progreso en un mundo global

Peace and European values as a potential model for integration and progress in a global world

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Edited By Jesús Baigorri and Jürgen Elvert

Este libro recoge las contribuciones realizadas al Seminario Doctoral sobre Paz y valores europeos como posible modelo de integración y progreso en un mundo global organizado en el Real Monasterio de Yuste, sede de la Fundación Academia Europea e Iberoamericana de Yuste, en Cuacos de Yuste, España, entre el 24 y 26 de julio de 2017. Los contenidos de este volumen cubren diferentes áreas de investigación, entre las cuales se observan las líneas propuestas en el titulo, a saber, el modelo y los valores europeos en un mundo global. Una mayoría de artículos se articulan en torno a las políticas internas de la UE; la propia génesis de los valores Europeos; el papel de las becas Erasmus en la internacionalización de la educación superior; la participación juvenil en el Derecho de la UE; los derechos religiosos en la UE; la preservación de las fronteras exteriores; la política de memoria histórica de la UE; la proyección exterior; o el concepto de Europa desde una visión crítica periférica.

This book includes the contributions to the Doctoral Seminar on Peace and European Values as a potential model for integration and progress in a global world held at the Royal Monastery of Yuste, Headquarters of the European and Ibero-American Academy of Yuste Foundation, in Cuacos de Yuste, Spain from 24th to 26th July 2017. The contents of this volume cover different areas of research, among which we find the lines proposed in its title, namely the European model and values in a global world. Most are articulated around the EU’s internal policies like the genesis of European values; the role of the Erasmus scholarships in the internationalization of higher education; the youth participation in EU Law; religious rights in the EU; the safeguarding of the external borders; the EU’s policies of historical memory; the EU’s external projection the narrative of what Europe is about from a critical peripheral view.

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EU Politics of memory: shared past, common challenges, common future (Ana Milošević)

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EU Politics of memory: shared past, common challenges, common future

Ana Milošević

KU Leuven

Europe –it’s our values.1

We are defined, among other things, as people by what we choose to commemorate.2

Introduction

This article examines the political dimension of memory or better said “collective memory as a dimension of political power” (Connerton 1989). It asks whether the European Union3 (EU), a democratic supranational entity, has its own politics of memory.

The term “politics of memory” is often associated with distortion and abuse of history by non-democratic, authoritarian or totalitarian regimes (Lebow 2007; Huyssen 2003). However, the politics of memory is as much about the “use” as it is about “abuse” of history. While its objects of reference are situated in the past, the politics of memory is motivated by present political interests and needs. These interests are projected onto the past which becomes a source of “useful” memories, narratives, events and persons to identify with. As such, the politics of memory is a “top-down” shared/promoted/imposed narrative about the←59 | 60→ past/present/future or any combination of these. It is transmitted to a social group through the observance of remembrance days, rituals, state traditions, education, symbolic politics and symbols (i.e. flags, anthems, monuments).

The political dimension of memory indicates that collective memories are not free of tensions nor are their meanings static or immutable. Collective memory is not an inert and passive thing, but...

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