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Paz y valores europeos como posible modelo de integración y progreso en un mundo global

Peace and European values as a potential model for integration and progress in a global world

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Edited By Jesús Baigorri and Jürgen Elvert

Este libro recoge las contribuciones realizadas al Seminario Doctoral sobre Paz y valores europeos como posible modelo de integración y progreso en un mundo global organizado en el Real Monasterio de Yuste, sede de la Fundación Academia Europea e Iberoamericana de Yuste, en Cuacos de Yuste, España, entre el 24 y 26 de julio de 2017. Los contenidos de este volumen cubren diferentes áreas de investigación, entre las cuales se observan las líneas propuestas en el titulo, a saber, el modelo y los valores europeos en un mundo global. Una mayoría de artículos se articulan en torno a las políticas internas de la UE; la propia génesis de los valores Europeos; el papel de las becas Erasmus en la internacionalización de la educación superior; la participación juvenil en el Derecho de la UE; los derechos religiosos en la UE; la preservación de las fronteras exteriores; la política de memoria histórica de la UE; la proyección exterior; o el concepto de Europa desde una visión crítica periférica.

This book includes the contributions to the Doctoral Seminar on Peace and European Values as a potential model for integration and progress in a global world held at the Royal Monastery of Yuste, Headquarters of the European and Ibero-American Academy of Yuste Foundation, in Cuacos de Yuste, Spain from 24th to 26th July 2017. The contents of this volume cover different areas of research, among which we find the lines proposed in its title, namely the European model and values in a global world. Most are articulated around the EU’s internal policies like the genesis of European values; the role of the Erasmus scholarships in the internationalization of higher education; the youth participation in EU Law; religious rights in the EU; the safeguarding of the external borders; the EU’s policies of historical memory; the EU’s external projection the narrative of what Europe is about from a critical peripheral view.

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Externalizing European values: the case of International Humanitarian Law (Bettina Steible)

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Externalizing European values: the case of International Humanitarian Law

Bettina Steible

Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona

In an article published in 2002, Tristan Ferraro explained how International Humanitarian Law (IHL) had entered into the European Union’s sphere by way of its Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) to the point that it can be considered as a ‘driving force’ of the implementation and development of IHL (Ferraro, 2002). Nonetheless, a few decades before, this question was not even imaginable as the European Community, and later the European Union (EU), did not have a claim to be an IHL actor. The prior objective of the European Communities was economical. In that respect, they used to be considered as the ‘economic Europe’ as opposed to the ‘Europe of human rights’, embodied by the Council of Europe. Furthermore, as the project of European Defence was rejected in 1952, there was no reason for the European Community to interfere in the area of IHL. Nonetheless, IHL has become a distinctive element of its external action, as the EU has made use of the CFSP to call for the respect for IHL, thus reflecting Common Article 1 of the four Geneva Conventions of 1949.

Indeed, the latter establishes an obligation on its States parties to “respect and ensure respect” for IHL. This obligation is commonly understood as comprising an obligation on third States to armed conflicts to ensure that the warring parties indeed comply with IHL. On...

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