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Origins and Consequences of European Crises: Global Views on Brexit

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Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Noriko Suzuki

Almost sixty years after the signature of the Treaty of Rome in 1957 creating the European Community), a Member-State, the United Kingdom, has for the first time in history decided to leave the European Union. The "yes" to leave vote during the British referendum on 26 June 2016 led to the use of Article 50 of the EU Treaty triggering off a long period of negotiations between the UK and the EU, which was overshadowed by a permanent struggle between the options of a "deal" or a "no-deal". The Withdrawal Agreement was finally signed on 24 January 2020 and Brexit actually took place on 31 January 2020 – more than three and a half years after the referendum. It is not surprising that a lot of analyses have been put forward to explain the British electoral result, mainly from the perspective of political sociology. However, there has been less research so far on the deeper roots of Brexit as a historical and political process and its development from the start of the referendum campaign until the end of the negotiations between the UK and the EU, nor on its possible social, economic, legal and (geo)political consequences.

In order to examine the origins and consequences of Brexit, this publication develops two original perspectives. On the one hand, it has taken a pluridisciplinary approach comparing the point of views of sociologists, political scientists, legal experts and historians. On the other hand, it has adopted a global approach by comparing the analyses of Japanese, Canadian, American and European researchers. These "Global Views on Brexit" regroup the contributions to an international Conference on "The Consequences of Brexit" organised on 6-7 December 2018 in Strasbourg, in the framework of the Jean Monnet project on Crises in European Border Regions supported by the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union (EU) for the period from 2018-2020.

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The Right to Family Reunification after Brexit: The Impossible Status Quo (Aude Bouveresse)

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Aude Bouveresse

The impact of Brexit on fundamental rights are, like the rest, difficult to assess. It is nevertheless interesting to focus, in particular, on the right to family reunification as it is particularly representative of the concrete issues related to Brexit and the difficulties to face it, even though a consensus on the maintenance of acquired rights had emerged from the beginning of the negotiations.

The respect of the fundamental right of family reunification often comes directly in conflict with a State wishing to exercise a restrictive migratory policy. In this regard, European rights appear to be strong allies to counter it. European Union (EU) law promotes indeed family reunification, as a part of the European mobility as well as inherent in its objectives. Furthermore, it has acquired a constitutional status, since it is enshrined in the EU fundamental rights charter in Article 7.1 Thenceforth, it is not surprising that it was also one of the main reasons put forward in support of Brexit, its supporters thinking to regain full control of their migration policy by leaving the EU.

However, the very existence of a State makes sense only if it contributes to the well-being of the society it intends to govern. The United Kingdom, although it decided to leave the EU, could not neglect the importance of safeguarding the rights of British citizens living or having lived in other Member States and citizens of the EU living or having lived in the...

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