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Dimensions of Cultural Security for National and Linguistic Minorities

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Edited By Jean-Rémi Carbonneau, Fabian Jacobs and Ines Keller

Cultural security is a basic need for individuals belonging to national and linguistic minorities. Structurally exposed to asymmetric power dynamics, these minorities compete with the larger society for material and non-material resources, rendering their future perspectives particularly precarious. This book brings researchers from different social sciences together to examine the notion of cultural security and its meaning for different national and linguistic minorities through multiple case studies in Europe, Asia, North and South America. The cultural security of these minorities comprises various dimensions, including institutional and territorial arrangements, state stability, as well as different patterns of citizen belonging and participation. Through the prism of these dimensions, the contributors to this book present a variety of strategies of cultural resilience, societal structures and institutional frameworks allowing national and linguistic minorities to secure a certain degree of cultural autonomy and develop a sense of belonging to their respective states. Cultural security is an inescapable condition for the fair and sustained development of both minorities and majorities in today’s societies characterized by deep diversity.

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6 Tragedy of Rehabilitation: The Land Issue of Tibetans in India

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The Land Issue of Tibetans in India

HUANG YUNSONG AND ANDREAS GRUSCHKE (†)1

Abstract: In comparison with other foreign communities in India, Tibetan exiles have widely been thought of as a privileged group where their culture can thrive better than in their own homeland and where their livelihoods have become stable. The threat of being deprived of one’s land would rarely occur to an outsider as an issue. This chapter explores the Tibetans’ land predicament and the causes that almost led to the targeted eviction of Tibetan exiles in the settlements scattered around ten Indian states. The lawful and historical entitlement of Tibetan exiles to leased land has come under question due to their increased yearning for real property and their involvement in illegal benami transactions. We explore several aspects of the issue ranging from the logic behind the Tibetans’ higher demand for land, to the discourse of specific groups and local authorities in the host states, the stance of the Government of India in light of potential repercussions for China-India relations, the legal restrictions that led to an escalation of tension and the sense of insecurity among Tibetan communities. We eventually offer an interpretation of the Tibetan Rehabilitation Policy 2014, that was merely a transient solution to the matter. Through a detailed examination, this chapter also reveals that India’s preventing of Tibetans attaining citizenship has resulted in New Delhi’s inability to address the land issue in a fundamental way, and that therefore cultural security for...

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