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Dimensions of Cultural Security for National and Linguistic Minorities

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Edited By Jean-Rémi Carbonneau, Fabian Jacobs and Ines Keller

Cultural security is a basic need for individuals belonging to national and linguistic minorities. Structurally exposed to asymmetric power dynamics, these minorities compete with the larger society for material and non-material resources, rendering their future perspectives particularly precarious. This book brings researchers from different social sciences together to examine the notion of cultural security and its meaning for different national and linguistic minorities through multiple case studies in Europe, Asia, North and South America. The cultural security of these minorities comprises various dimensions, including institutional and territorial arrangements, state stability, as well as different patterns of citizen belonging and participation. Through the prism of these dimensions, the contributors to this book present a variety of strategies of cultural resilience, societal structures and institutional frameworks allowing national and linguistic minorities to secure a certain degree of cultural autonomy and develop a sense of belonging to their respective states. Cultural security is an inescapable condition for the fair and sustained development of both minorities and majorities in today’s societies characterized by deep diversity.

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13 Between Spanish and Catalan Nation-Building: The Pursuit of Cultural Security in the Valencian Country

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The Pursuit of Cultural Security in the Valencian Country

JEAN-RÉMI CARBONNEAU

Abstract: From a political perspective, cultural security can embody the right of a historical minority to self-determination: in the sense that it can choose its political status in relation to the encompassing state, but also that of affirming a collective identity distinct from that of the state majority and other national groups. The Valencian Country experienced a cultural renaissance at the end of the nineteenth century as a consequence of a deep-rooted feeling of cultural insecurity deriving from the social and political status of the Catalan language (called there “Valencian”) in relation to the dominant state-language Castilian. Since then, all further developments in the Valencian Country took place in the context of an enduring tension between the political allegiance of the region to the Spanish state and its attachment to a sociocultural collectivity known as the “Catalan Countries”, which traces its origin back to the times of the Crown of Aragon. The cultural bonds between the Valencian Country, Catalonia and the other Catalan-speaking territories gained in importance since the Spanish democratic transition that followed the Franco dictatorship. The resulting fight between Valencianism and Blaverism led to a considerable split between the Left and the Right on the national issue in the Valencian Country.

Keywords: Valencian Country, Valencianism, Catalonia, Catalanism, Catalan Countries, Spain, Spanish nationalism, Blaverism, language secessionism, cultural security.

Nationalist aspirations in the Valencian Country (País Valencià) are closely...

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