The emergence of new (Eur-)Asian regions and dialogues with Europe
Edited By Pierre Chabal, Yann Alix and Kuralay Baizakova
This book analyses the gradual fusion of Europe and Asia into a Eurasian dynamic combining institutional and identity aspects. The seventh in a series of Europe–Asia conferences covering regime dynamics, cooperation policies, regional competition, the limits of regions, mutual understanding and cross-border exchanges, it shows that Eurasian continental developments are outgrowing sub-region designations such as Western Europe, Southeast Asia, East Asia and Central Asia.
Ten years ago, before the launch of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), regional dynamics seemed clearly delineated, especially with inter-state groupings mapping out space – the EU, the ASEAN, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) – and organisations overseeing pan-continental competition such as the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building in Asia (CICA), the Eurasian Economic Union, etc. Today, the less institutional and more macro-economic scheme of an infrastructure and transport network coined as "China’s BRI" changes the research environment.
Gathering about thirty scholars from a dozen Eurasian countries, this book contains views from East Asia (Mongolia, China), Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan), Western Europe (France, Belgium), Eastern Europe (Poland, Romania, Hungary, Turkey) and the Caucasus (Azerbaijan). Asia and Europe can no longer be understood except as Eurasian sub-entities. Multi-dimensionally, the book draws from history, international economic relations, politics, geography, economics, cultural studies, public and private law, business studies, peace and conflict studies, public administration, and even literary criticism to tackle the question: what is Eurasia?
The Belt and Road Initiative: a catalyst for the development of Russian land-transportation infrastructures: Olivier Faury, Yann Alix and Nicolas Montier
OLIVIER FAURY, YANN ALIX AND NICOLAS MONTIER
Russian infrastructures have been a priority for the Russian government strategy for many years now (IES report). They are still the subject of much attention and substantial investments. This chapter looks at two main transportation systems: the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) also known as New Silk Road, and the Northern Sea Route (NSR) also named the Polar Silk Road in the Chinese government’s White Book released in January 2018 by the China State Council Information Office.
As to the Russian Arctic coast-range, infrastructures have undergone deep transformation with the implementation of new ports and terminals destined to meet the goals set by V. Putin of 80 million tons of cargo by 2024. The objective of the NSR are numerous: (i) accelerating the exportation of raw materials from remote oil/gas fields and mines; (ii) securing natural and port areas for vessels connecting European/Asian markets; and (iii) fostering the sovereignty of Russia.
Nevertheless, the development of such transportation systems faces climatic, technical, economic and geopolitical challenges.
The BRI project is a Chinese governmental initiative. It aims to reinforce the connection of China with others countries via a number of selected maritime ports. If the BRI includes several routes, one stands out: the Silk Road linking China to Europe on the Marco Polo original route. Connecting two of the biggest world markets implies crossing countries such as Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine and/or Belarus before reaching the Western Europe...
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