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Evolving regional values and mobilities in global contexts

The emergence of new (Eur-)Asian regions and dialogues with Europe

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Edited By Pierre Chabal, Yann Alix and Kuralay Baizakova

This book analyses the gradual fusion of Europe and Asia into a Eurasian dynamic combining institutional and identity aspects. The seventh in a series of Europe–Asia conferences covering regime dynamics, cooperation policies, regional competition, the limits of regions, mutual understanding and cross-border exchanges, it shows that Eurasian continental developments are outgrowing sub-region designations such as Western Europe, Southeast Asia, East Asia and Central Asia.

Ten years ago, before the launch of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), regional dynamics seemed clearly delineated, especially with inter-state groupings mapping out space – the EU, the ASEAN, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) – and organisations overseeing pan-continental competition such as the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building in Asia (CICA), the Eurasian Economic Union, etc. Today, the less institutional and more macro-economic scheme of an infrastructure and transport network coined as "China’s BRI" changes the research environment.

Gathering about thirty scholars from a dozen Eurasian countries, this book contains views from East Asia (Mongolia, China), Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan), Western Europe (France, Belgium), Eastern Europe (Poland, Romania, Hungary, Turkey) and the Caucasus (Azerbaijan). Asia and Europe can no longer be understood except as Eurasian sub-entities. Multi-dimensionally, the book draws from history, international economic relations, politics, geography, economics, cultural studies, public and private law, business studies, peace and conflict studies, public administration, and even literary criticism to tackle the question: what is Eurasia?

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From ‘the young Asia’ to ‘the old Europe’: demographic features as criteria of macro-regionalisation: Violeta Pușcașu

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VIOLETA PUŞCAŞU

This chapter offers a demographic view of a sui generis regionalisation of the euro-asiatic space. The structural composition of the population and the demographic tendencies suggest the question ‘who’ are regions? rather than what are regions? Differences in demographic behavioural models between Europe and Asia and the ageing process cause major mutations at the regional level. Their effect creates a territorial mosaic of realities according to the weight of the human groups dominating them.

The latest 2019 Report by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs provides an impressive volume of data on demographic trends until 2050, for all regions and countries of the world1. Among the estimated perspectives, three major categories of phenomena can be distinguished. (i) The first one concerns the growth in population size, predicted for most continents (Fig. 1), even if the growth rates are moderate compared with three previous decades at all territorial levels. (ii) The second phenomenon represents the structural modification of population, in the sense of the increase of the elderly segment, which leads to demographic ageing in an increasing number of countries. (iii) The picture is completed by the extremely active dynamics of international migration which prolongs existing regional disparities and represents the third largest trend in the world.

Although each of the three major phenomena is accompanied by significant socio-economic and political implications, ageing seems to have the greatest impact on societal mechanisms. The structural ageing...

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