The emergence of new (Eur-)Asian regions and dialogues with Europe
Edited By Pierre Chabal, Yann Alix and Kuralay Baizakova
This book analyses the gradual fusion of Europe and Asia into a Eurasian dynamic combining institutional and identity aspects. The seventh in a series of Europe–Asia conferences covering regime dynamics, cooperation policies, regional competition, the limits of regions, mutual understanding and cross-border exchanges, it shows that Eurasian continental developments are outgrowing sub-region designations such as Western Europe, Southeast Asia, East Asia and Central Asia.
Ten years ago, before the launch of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), regional dynamics seemed clearly delineated, especially with inter-state groupings mapping out space – the EU, the ASEAN, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) – and organisations overseeing pan-continental competition such as the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building in Asia (CICA), the Eurasian Economic Union, etc. Today, the less institutional and more macro-economic scheme of an infrastructure and transport network coined as "China’s BRI" changes the research environment.
Gathering about thirty scholars from a dozen Eurasian countries, this book contains views from East Asia (Mongolia, China), Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan), Western Europe (France, Belgium), Eastern Europe (Poland, Romania, Hungary, Turkey) and the Caucasus (Azerbaijan). Asia and Europe can no longer be understood except as Eurasian sub-entities. Multi-dimensionally, the book draws from history, international economic relations, politics, geography, economics, cultural studies, public and private law, business studies, peace and conflict studies, public administration, and even literary criticism to tackle the question: what is Eurasia?
Subdivisions of the Kazakh Zhuz: a cultural and historical ‘identity-perspective’: Kunipa Ashinova and Bibigul Sydykova
KUNIPA ASHINOVA AND BIBIGUL SYDYKOVA
The term zhuz entered the Kazakh language in the 13th century, marking a separation among Kazakh tribes into three such zhuz divisions. There is no single scientific explanation as to the origin of such a separation. Economic, ethnopolitical and geographical factors all had an impact on this subdividing of the tribes. Three zhuz divisions were formed from tribal groups, indicating some kinship between tribes. Every zhuz subdivision was ruled by a tribal leader. In the 18th century, this formation of three zhuz divisions was completed: Kazakhs were then lastingly divided into ethnic and economic-political communities.
This chapter highlights the basic constructive principles of these communities, analyses the causes of the three zhuz divisions and identifies some of the traditional norms of Kazakh society in the modern world. The research is based on special historical research methodology and also on a general scientific regional method. The results of the survey are summarised in the conclusion.
Modern culture of Kazakh people contains both long-dating traditions and new features. The Kazakh genealogy is gradually being transformed under the influence of modernisation and unification. Such a globalisation process is proceeding quickly in cities and urbanised areas of Kazakhstan. This chapter studies the geopolitical areas of three zhuz separations, considers the geopolitical significance and analysis of the Dzungar and the Russian Empire invasions in the territory of Kazakh tribes and their consequences. When Kazakhstan was one of the Soviet Socialist republics, positive accounts were...
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