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A Course in Applied Linguistics for Arab EFL/ESL Students

Hashim H. Noor and Nassir S. Al-Qadi

A Course in Applied Linguistics for Arab EFL/ESL Students has been developed keeping in view the academic needs of native-Arabic speakers learning English as a second/foreign language. The book in the process of understanding how students acquire second language, sheds some light on how children acquire their first language. It reviews the observations of theorists on Contrastive Analysis, Error Analysis and Interlanguage as main factors that influence learners’ performance. Some examples from real performance of Arab EFL/ESL learners are discussed and analyzed. The book reviews the observations of linguists and psychologists on the role of extrinsic and intrinsic non-linguistic factors that affect SLA. The book also gives good consideration of the views of experts on the efficacy of strategy training.

At the end of each chapter, there are study questions to provide an opportunity for the readers to test their proficiency. Similarly, projects are also added for the students to practice. A list of references is added at the end of each chapter for further reading. The book has a rich Glossary to provide students with definitions of the most important terms.

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Chapter 5: Non-Linguistic Factors In L2 Learning


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Chapter 5: Non-Linguistic Factors In L2 Learning

This chapter deals with the most common non-linguistic factors affecting the L2 learning success:

5.1    Introduction

In the same environment, some learners learn an L2 better or faster than others. Although these learners are normal, i.e. they do not have any speech defects and have an innate ability to learn their L1 and one foreign language or more, certain individual characteristics affect their efficiency and speed of learning the L2. Gardner and Lambert (1959:272) found that maximum prediction of success in learning an L2 was obtained from tests of:

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