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History of Vocational Education and Training in Europe

Cases, Concepts and Challenges


Edited By Esther Berner and Philipp Gonon

Understanding today’s Vocational Education and Training (VET) systems requires a comprehension of the rise and development, i.e. of the foundations of topical VET. This book provides a comparative view of its development in Europe. The contributions of renowned authors give insight into conceptual questions, cases and challenges in this field.

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The Antagonism in Commercial Training: Vocational and Liberal Education. The Development of the Commercial School of the Trade Guild Hall in Gotha (1817–1902)


Abstract: The “dual” form of vocational education and training, a present day form of German commercial education that includes both companies and schools as learning sites, dates back to the years of 1817/18, starting with the involvement of Ernst Wilhelm Arnoldi in the Thuringian residential city of Gotha. Up to today little is known about this important institution from the perspective of economic-educational historiography. The entire study serves as a basis for this article to bridge the gap and aims for a critical perspective on (theory-oriented) historiography on schooling. Its approach is to go beyond the descriptive-narrative approach that is prevailing in (economic-) educational historiography. Theories of organizational sociology serve as categorical matrices for systematic structural recordings (description) and an aggregating analysis (explication).

1.  Introduction

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