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History of Vocational Education and Training in Europe

Cases, Concepts and Challenges


Esther Berner and Philipp Gonon

Understanding today’s Vocational Education and Training (VET) systems requires a comprehension of the rise and development, i.e. of the foundations of topical VET. This book provides a comparative view of its development in Europe. The contributions of renowned authors give insight into conceptual questions, cases and challenges in this field.

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The German VET System and Labour Market Segregation by Gender: A Historical Perspective


Abstract: Despite considerable political and pedagogical efforts to alter gender discrimination in skilling and employment, labour market segregation by gender can be identified as a dominant feature of European labour markets. By reconstructing the parallel structures of “dual” and “school-based” vocational routes, the paper provides insight into the historical roots of the bifurcation of the German skilling system and how it has structured women’s work trajectories over time. It also reveals how segmentation patterns have been historically interwoven with the male breadwinner model sustained by social policy regulations and the German taxation system.

1.  Introduction

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