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Diversity of Migration in South-East Europe


Edited By Mirjam Zbinden, Janine Dahinden and Adnan Efendic

This interdisciplinary volume gathers recent work related to the diverse migratory movements in South-East Europe. The contributions address current aspects of emigration, immigration, transit migration and return from different disciplinary vantage points. They impressively demonstrate that South-East Europe is a highly dynamic migration region marked by a multiplicity of migration-related processes fuelled by global and especially European developments.

«This edited book presents an illuminating and stimulating range of essays on a key European and global region which has experienced an extraordinary diversity of migration types and regimes in recent decades. Employing an innovative range of methodologies, the contributions show that South-East Europe is no longer to be seen as a ‘problematic’ space of emigration and transit but as a theatre for highly dynamic mobility phenomena.» (Russell King, Professor of Geography, University of Sussex)

«This thought-provoking book makes an important contribution to understanding migration processes from, within and through South-East Europe. The innovative research approach and new insights about diversity of human mobility in the region described in the book will resonate with scholars, policymakers and broader readership within and beyond the region.» (Hariz Halilovich, Associate Professor of Anthropology, RMIT University, Melbourne)

«The thorough theoretical and empirical contributions of this volume reveal South-East Europe as a highly diversified European space of complex migration regimes and processes beyond the image of the "troubled", "ethno-national" Balkans. This timely book impressively shows how good scholarship both critically re-assesses knowledge production and points to inequalities and hierarchies on different scales.» (Jelena Tosic, Researcher and lecturer in Social Anthropology, Universities of Vienna and Berne)

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Do Remittances Reduce Social Disparities in Macedonia?


Macedonia faces the highest poverty and inequality in Europe. At the same time, it receives a very high amount in remittances. The objective of this study is to investigate whether there is a link between these two – that is, whether remittances reduce poverty and inequality in Macedonia. Two surveys are used for the analysis, conducted in 2008 and 2012, providing grounds for understanding if the relationships changed during the latest global economic crisis. Two methodological approaches are used. The first uses regression techniques to investigate if remittances affect the probability of a household to be poor. The second simulates the consumption that remittance-receiving households would have if they did not have remittances. We find that remittances have reduced poverty in both samples. They also reduced inequality but only in 2012.

Keywords: remittances, poverty, income inequality, Macedonia, Great Recession


International migration is one of the most important factors that affect economic relations between developed and developing countries in the twenty-first century. At the start of the century, it was estimated that about 175 million people, roughly 3% of the world population, lived and worked outside the country of their birth (United Nations, 2002). International remittances sent back home by these migrant workers have a profound impact on the developing countries of Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Middle East.

Remittances that these workers send back to developing countries rose from $31.1 billion in 1990, to $76.8 billion in...

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